suka

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: sukā, sūkā, su̇ka, suk'a, and сука

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪uka/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. vomit

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. To vomit, to puke.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪ukaʔ/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. Vinegar; a sour liquid formed by the fermentation of alcohol used as a condiment or preservative; a dilute solution of acetic acid.

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English sugar, from later Old French çucre (circa 13th cent), from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic سُكَّر (sukkar), from Persian شکر (šakar), from Sanskrit शर्करा (śárkarā, ground or candied sugar", originally "grit, gravel), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh₂ (gravel, boulder), akin to Ancient Greek κρόκη (krókē, pebble).

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. sugar

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • See the the etymology section of the Latvian entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. A brush, especially one used for brushing animals.
  2. currycomb

Declension[edit]

Inflection of suka (Kotus type 9/kala, k- gradation)
nominative suka suat
genitive suan sukojen
partitive sukaa sukoja
illative sukaan sukoihin
singular plural
nominative suka suat
accusative nom. suka suat
gen. suan
genitive suan sukojen
sukainrare
partitive sukaa sukoja
inessive suassa suoissa
elative suasta suoista
illative sukaan sukoihin
adessive sualla suoilla
ablative sualta suoilta
allative sualle suoille
essive sukana sukoina
translative suaksi suoiksi
instructive suoin
abessive suatta suoitta
comitative sukoineen

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. pleasure

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. like
    Dia suka musik pop.
    She loves pop music.
  2. love
  3. (colloquial) frequentative aspect auxiliary verb
    Aku suka pergi ke sana seminggu sekali.
    I used to go there once a week.

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

suka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of すか
  2. Rōmaji transcription of スカ

Latvian[edit]

Matu suka
Zobu suka

Etymology 1[edit]

There are competing theories on the origin of this word. The first (and more probable) one assumes that it comes from Proto-Indo-European *su- (pig) > derived form *suk- “pig” (masc., fem.), “coarse hair, bristle” (neut.). Originally suka was the neuter plural form, but it became feminine singular after the general loss of the neuter gender, with semantic change “bristles” > “brush” (compare German Bürste (brush), Borste (bristle)). Borrowings by Balto-Fennic languages from Baltic languages support this evolution (e.g., Finnish suka (pig bristle (archaic), currycomb)). The second theory considers suka cognate to Lithuanian šùkos (brush), Russian щётка (ščotka, brush), Sanskrit शूकः (śūkaḥ, needle), all from Proto-Indo-European *ḱū- (pointed). A third theory attributes these words to Proto-Indo-European *kes-, *ks- (to cut, to carve).[1]

Noun[edit]

suka f (4th declension)

  1. brush (instrument made with flexible bristles attached to a handle, used especially for grooming hair)
    drēbju, apavu sukaclothes, shoe brush
    matu sukahairbrush
    zobu sukatoothbrush
    zirgu sukahorse brush, currycomb
    saru, tērauda sukabristle, steel brush
    tīrīt drēbes ar sukuto clean (one's) clothes with a brush
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Russian сука (suka).

Noun[edit]

suka f (4th declension)

  1. (vulgar) bitch

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “suka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Malay[edit]

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to like

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫka (compare Russian сука (súka)), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ. Sense #3 from an association with pies (dog, slang: cop).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka f (diminutive suczka)

  1. bitch (female dog)
  2. (offensive) bitch
    May be used as an offensive term without a suggestion of promiscuity, but rather as a pushy, domineering person.
  3. (slang) police van

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. furrow
  2. whistle, whistling noise

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Not to be confused with suk'a, sukha.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫka, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka f (genitive singular suky, nominative plural suky, genitive plural súk, declension pattern of žena)

  1. bitch

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • suka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to shake

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Indonesian cuka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. vinegar

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to vomit

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-suka?

  1. (intransitive) to go away, to remove oneself
  2. (intransitive) to leave, to depart, to set off
  3. (intransitive) to originate

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukusuka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusuka ukungasuki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular suka suke
Plural sukani sukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasuka, ngisuka engiyasuka, engisuka ngisuka angisuki engingasuki ngingasuki
2nd singular uyasuka, usuka oyasuka, osuka usuka awusuki ongasuki ungasuki
1st plural siyasuka, sisuka esiyasuka, esisuka sisuka asisuki esingasuki singasuki
2nd plural niyasuka, nisuka eniyasuka, enisuka nisuka anisuki eningasuki ningasuki
Class 1 uyasuka, usuka oyasuka, osuka esuka akasuki ongasuki engasuki
Class 2 bayasuka, basuka abayasuka, abasuka besuka abasuki abangasuki bengasuki
Class 3 uyasuka, usuka oyasuka, osuka usuka awusuki ongasuki ungasuki
Class 4 iyasuka, isuka eyasuka, esuka isuka ayisuki engasuki ingasuki
Class 5 liyasuka, lisuka eliyasuka, elisuka lisuka alisuki elingasuki lingasuki
Class 6 ayasuka, asuka ayasuka, asuka esuka awasuki angasuki engasuki
Class 7 siyasuka, sisuka esiyasuka, esisuka sisuka asisuki esingasuki singasuki
Class 8 ziyasuka, zisuka eziyasuka, ezisuka zisuka azisuki ezingasuki zingasuki
Class 9 iyasuka, isuka eyasuka, esuka isuka ayisuki engasuki ingasuki
Class 10 ziyasuka, zisuka eziyasuka, ezisuka zisuka azisuki ezingasuki zingasuki
Class 11 luyasuka, lusuka oluyasuka, olusuka lusuka alusuki olungasuki lungasuki
Class 14 buyasuka, busuka obuyasuka, obusuka busuka abusuki obungasuki bungasuki
Class 15 kuyasuka, kusuka okuyasuka, okusuka kusuka akusuki okungasuki kungasuki
Class 17 kuyasuka, kusuka okuyasuka, okusuka kusuka akusuki okungasuki kungasuki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisukile, ngisukē engisukile, engisukē ngisukile, ngisukē angisukanga engingasukanga ngingasukanga
2nd singular usukile, usukē osukile, osukē usukile, usukē awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
1st plural sisukile, sisukē esisukile, esisukē sisukile, sisukē asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
2nd plural nisukile, nisukē enisukile, enisukē nisukile, nisukē anisukanga eningasukanga ningasukanga
Class 1 usukile, usukē osukile, osukē esukile, esukē akasukanga ongasukanga engasukanga
Class 2 basukile, basukē abasukile, abasukē besukile, besukē abasukanga abangasukanga bengasukanga
Class 3 usukile, usukē osukile, osukē usukile, usukē awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
Class 4 isukile, isukē esukile, esukē isukile, isukē ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 5 lisukile, lisukē elisukile, elisukē lisukile, lisukē alisukanga elingasukanga lingasukanga
Class 6 asukile, asukē asukile, asukē esukile, esukē awasukanga angasukanga engasukanga
Class 7 sisukile, sisukē esisukile, esisukē sisukile, sisukē asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
Class 8 zisukile, zisukē ezisukile, ezisukē zisukile, zisukē azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 9 isukile, isukē esukile, esukē isukile, isukē ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 10 zisukile, zisukē ezisukile, ezisukē zisukile, zisukē azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 11 lusukile, lusukē olusukile, olusukē lusukile, lusukē alusukanga olungasukanga lungasukanga
Class 14 busukile, busukē obusukile, obusukē busukile, busukē abusukanga obungasukanga bungasukanga
Class 15 kusukile, kusukē okusukile, okusukē kusukile, kusukē akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Class 17 kusukile, kusukē okusukile, okusukē kusukile, kusukē akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsuka engāsuka ngāsuka angisukanga engingasukanga ngingasukanga
2nd singular wāsuka owāsuka wāsuka awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
1st plural sāsuka esāsuka sāsuka asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
2nd plural nāsuka enāsuka nāsuka anisukanga eningasukanga ningasukanga
Class 1 wāsuka owāsuka āsuka akasukanga ongasukanga engasukanga
Class 2 bāsuka abāsuka bāsuka abasukanga abangasukanga bengasukanga
Class 3 wāsuka owāsuka wāsuka awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
Class 4 yāsuka eyāsuka yāsuka ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 5 lāsuka elāsuka lāsuka alisukanga elingasukanga lingasukanga
Class 6 āsuka āsuka āsuka awasukanga angasukanga engasukanga
Class 7 sāsuka esāsuka sāsuka asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
Class 8 zāsuka ezāsuka zāsuka azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 9 yāsuka eyāsuka yāsuka ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 10 zāsuka ezāsuka zāsuka azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 11 lwāsuka olwāsuka lwāsuka alusukanga olungasukanga lungasukanga
Class 14 bāsuka obāsuka bāsuka abusukanga obungasukanga bungasukanga
Class 15 kwāsuka okwāsuka kwāsuka akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Class 17 kwāsuka okwāsuka kwāsuka akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasuka ngingasuka ngingesuke ngingesuke
2nd singular ungasuka ungasuka ungesuke ungesuke
1st plural singasuka singasuka singesuke singesuke
2nd plural ningasuka ningasuka ningesuke ningesuke
Class 1 angasuka engasuka angesuke engesuke
Class 2 bangasuka bengasuka bangesuke bengesuke
Class 3 ungasuka ungasuka ungesuke ungesuke
Class 4 ingasuka ingasuka ingesuke ingesuke
Class 5 lingasuka lingasuka lingesuke lingesuke
Class 6 angasuka engasuka angesuke engesuke
Class 7 singasuka singasuka singesuke singesuke
Class 8 zingasuka zingasuka zingesuke zingesuke
Class 9 ingasuka ingasuka ingesuke ingesuke
Class 10 zingasuka zingasuka zingesuke zingesuke
Class 11 lungasuka lungasuka lungesuke lungesuke
Class 14 bungasuka bungasuka bungesuke bungesuke
Class 15 kungasuka kungasuka kungesuke kungesuke
Class 17 kungasuka kungasuka kungesuke kungesuke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosuka engizosuka ngizosuka angizusuka ngingezusuka
2nd singular uzosuka ozosuka uzosuka awuzusuka ungezusuka
1st plural sizosuka esizosuka sizosuka asizusuka singezusuka
2nd plural nizosuka enizosuka nizosuka anizusuka ningezusuka
Class 1 uzosuka ozosuka ezosuka akazusuka engezusuka
Class 2 bazosuka abazosuka bezosuka abazusuka bengezusuka
Class 3 uzosuka ozosuka uzosuka awuzusuka ungezusuka
Class 4 izosuka ezosuka izosuka ayizusuka ingezusuka
Class 5 lizosuka elizosuka lizosuka alizusuka lingezusuka
Class 6 azosuka azosuka ezosuka awazusuka engezusuka
Class 7 sizosuka esizosuka sizosuka asizusuka singezusuka
Class 8 zizosuka ezizosuka zizosuka azizusuka zingezusuka
Class 9 izosuka ezosuka izosuka ayizusuka ingezusuka
Class 10 zizosuka ezizosuka zizosuka azizusuka zingezusuka
Class 11 luzosuka oluzosuka luzosuka aluzusuka lungezusuka
Class 14 buzosuka obuzosuka buzosuka abuzusuka bungezusuka
Class 15 kuzosuka okuzosuka kuzosuka akuzusuka kungezusuka
Class 17 kuzosuka okuzosuka kuzosuka akuzusuka kungezusuka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosuka engiyosuka ngiyosuka angiyusuka ngingeyusuka
2nd singular uyosuka oyosuka uyosuka awuyusuka ungeyusuka
1st plural siyosuka esiyosuka siyosuka asiyusuka singeyusuka
2nd plural niyosuka eniyosuka niyosuka aniyusuka ningeyusuka
Class 1 uyosuka oyosuka eyosuka akayusuka engeyusuka
Class 2 bayosuka abayosuka beyosuka abayusuka bengeyusuka
Class 3 uyosuka oyosuka uyosuka awuyusuka ungeyusuka
Class 4 iyosuka eyosuka iyosuka ayiyusuka ingeyusuka
Class 5 liyosuka eliyosuka liyosuka aliyusuka lingeyusuka
Class 6 ayosuka ayosuka eyosuka awayusuka engeyusuka
Class 7 siyosuka esiyosuka siyosuka asiyusuka singeyusuka
Class 8 ziyosuka eziyosuka ziyosuka aziyusuka zingeyusuka
Class 9 iyosuka eyosuka iyosuka ayiyusuka ingeyusuka
Class 10 ziyosuka eziyosuka ziyosuka aziyusuka zingeyusuka
Class 11 luyosuka oluyosuka luyosuka aluyusuka lungeyusuka
Class 14 buyosuka obuyosuka buyosuka abuyusuka bungeyusuka
Class 15 kuyosuka okuyosuka kuyosuka akuyusuka kungeyusuka
Class 17 kuyosuka okuyosuka kuyosuka akuyusuka kungeyusuka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisuke ngingasuki
2nd singular usuke ungasuki
1st plural sisuke singasuki
2nd plural nisuke ningasuki
Class 1 asuke angasuki
Class 2 basuke bangasuki
Class 3 usuke ungasuki
Class 4 isuke ingasuki
Class 5 lisuke lingasuki
Class 6 asuke angasuki
Class 7 sisuke singasuki
Class 8 zisuke zingasuki
Class 9 isuke ingasuki
Class 10 zisuke zingasuki
Class 11 lusuke lungasuki
Class 14 busuke bungasuki
Class 15 kusuke kungasuki
Class 17 kusuke kungasuki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasuka angisuka
2nd singular wasuka awusuka
1st plural sasuka asisuka
2nd plural nasuka anisuka
Class 1 wasuka akasuka
Class 2 basuka abasuka
Class 3 wasuka awusuka
Class 4 yasuka ayisuka
Class 5 lasuka alisuka
Class 6 asuka awasuka
Class 7 sasuka asisuka
Class 8 zasuka azisuka
Class 9 yasuka ayisuka
Class 10 zasuka azisuka
Class 11 lwasuka alusuka
Class 14 basuka abusuka
Class 15 kwasuka akusuka
Class 17 kwasuka akusuka

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]