suka

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See also: sukā, sūkā, su̇ka, suk'a, and сука

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪uka/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. vomit

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. To vomit, to puke.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪ukaʔ/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. Vinegar; a sour liquid formed by the fermentation of alcohol used as a condiment or preservative; a dilute solution of acetic acid.

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English sugar, from later Old French çucre (circa 13th cent), from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic سُكَّر(sukkar), from Persian شکر(šakar), from Sanskrit शर्करा(śárkarā, ground or candied sugar", originally "grit, gravel), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh₂(gravel, boulder), akin to Ancient Greek κρόκη(krókē, pebble).

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. sugar

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • See the the etymology section of the Latvian entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. A brush, especially one used for brushing animals.
  2. currycomb

Declension[edit]

Inflection of suka (Kotus type 9/kala, k- gradation)
nominative suka suat
genitive suan sukojen
partitive sukaa sukoja
illative sukaan sukoihin
singular plural
nominative suka suat
accusative nom. suka suat
gen. suan
genitive suan sukojen
sukainrare
partitive sukaa sukoja
inessive suassa suoissa
elative suasta suoista
illative sukaan sukoihin
adessive sualla suoilla
ablative sualta suoilta
allative sualle suoille
essive sukana sukoina
translative suaksi suoiksi
instructive suoin
abessive suatta suoitta
comitative sukoineen

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. pleasure

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. like
    Dia suka musik pop.
    She loves pop music.
  2. love
  3. (colloquial) frequentative aspect auxiliary verb
    Aku suka pergi ke sana seminggu sekali.
    I used to go there once a week.

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Matu suka
Zobu suka

Etymology[edit]

There are competing theories on the origin of this word. The first (and more probable) one assumes that it comes from Proto-Indo-European *su-(pig) > derived form *suk- “pig” (masc., fem.), “coarse hair, bristle” (neut.). Originally suka was the neuter plural form, but it became feminine singular after the general loss of the neuter gender, with semantic change “bristles” > “brush” (compare German Bürste(brush), Borste(bristle)). Borrowings by Balto-Fennic languages from Baltic languages support this evolution (e.g., Finnish suka(pig bristle (archaic), currycomb)). The second theory considers suka cognate to Lithuanian šùkos(brush), Russian щётка(ščotka, brush), Sanskrit शूकः(śūkaḥ, needle), all from Proto-Indo-European *ḱū-(pointed). A third theory attributes these words to Proto-Indo-European *kes-, *ks-(to cut, to carve).[1]

Noun[edit]

suka f (4th declension)

  1. brush (instrument made with flexible bristles attached to a handle, used especially for grooming hair)
    drēbju, apavu suka‎ ― clothes, shoe brush
    matu suka‎ ― hairbrush
    zobu suka‎ ― toothbrush
    zirgu suka‎ ― horse brush, currycomb
    saru, tērauda suka‎ ― bristle, steel brush
    tīrīt drēbes ar suku‎ ― to clean (one's) clothes with a brush

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “suka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Malay[edit]

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to like

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫkа (compare Russian сука(súka)), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ. Sense #3 from an association with pies(dog, slang: cop).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka f ‎(diminutive suczka)

  1. bitch (female dog)
  2. (offensive) bitch
    May be used as an offensive term without a suggestion of promiscuity, but rather as a pushy, domineering person.
  3. (slang) police van

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. furrow
  2. whistle, whistling noise

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Not to be confused with suk'a, sukha.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sǫkа, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Noun[edit]

suka f ‎(genitive singular suky, nominative plural suky, declension pattern of žena)

  1. bitch

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • suka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to shake

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

compare cuka

Noun[edit]

suka

  1. vinegar

Verb[edit]

suka

  1. to vomit

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-suka

  1. (intransitive) to go away, to remove oneself
  2. (intransitive) to leave, to depart, to set off
  3. (intransitive) to originate

Inflection[edit]

Tone class H
Infinitive ukusuka
Imperative Imperative
+ object prefix
Singular suka suke
Plural sukani sukeni
Present Participial Subjunctive
1st singular ngiyasuka, ngisuka ngisuka ngisuke
2nd singular uyasuka, usuka usuka usuke
1st plural siyasuka, sisuka sisuka sisuke
2nd plural niyasuka, nisuka nisuka nisuke
Class 1 uyasuka, usuka esuka asuke
Class 2 bayasuka, basuka besuka basuke
Class 3 uyasuka, usuka usuka usuke
Class 4 iyasuka, isuka isuka isuke
Class 5 liyasuka, lisuka lisuka lisuke
Class 6 ayasuka, asuka esuka asuke
Class 7 siyasuka, sisuka sisuka sisuke
Class 8 ziyasuka, zisuka zisuka zisuke
Class 9 iyasuka, isuka isuka isuke
Class 10 ziyasuka, zisuka zisuka zisuke
Class 11 luyasuka, lusuka lusuka lusuke
Class 14 buyasuka, busuka busuka busuke
Class 15 kuyasuka, kusuka kusuka kusuke
Class 17 kuyasuka, kusuka kusuka kusuke
Recent past Recent past
continuous
1st singular ngisukile, ngisukē bengisuka
2nd singular usukile, usukē ubesuka
1st plural sisukile, sisukē sibesuka
2nd plural nisukile, nisukē nibesuka
Class 1 usukile, usukē ubesuka
Class 2 basukile, basukē bebesuka
Class 3 usukile, usukē bewusuka
Class 4 isukile, isukē beyisuka
Class 5 lisukile, lisukē belisuka
Class 6 asukile, asukē abesuka
Class 7 sisukile, sisukē besisuka
Class 8 zisukile, zisukē bezisuka
Class 9 isukile, isukē beyisuka
Class 10 zisukile, zisukē bezisuka
Class 11 lusukile, lusukē belusuka
Class 14 busukile, busukē bebusuka
Class 15 kusukile, kusukē bekusuka
Class 17 kusukile, kusukē bekusuka
Remote past Remote past
continuous
1st singular ngāsuka ngangisuka
2nd singular wāsuka wawusuka
1st plural sāsuka sasisuka
2nd plural nāsuka nanisuka
Class 1 wāsuka wayesuka
Class 2 bāsuka babesuka
Class 3 wāsuka wawusuka
Class 4 yāsuka yayisuka
Class 5 lāsuka lalisuka
Class 6 āsuka ayesuka
Class 7 sāsuka sasisuka
Class 8 zāsuka zazisuka
Class 9 yāsuka yayisuka
Class 10 zāsuka zazisuka
Class 11 lwāsuka lwalusuka
Class 14 bāsuka babusuka
Class 15 kwāsuka kwakusuka
Class 17 kwāsuka kwakusuka
Future
1st singular ngizosuka
2nd singular uzosuka
1st plural sizosuka
2nd plural nizosuka
Class 1 uzosuka
Class 2 bazosuka
Class 3 uzosuka
Class 4 izosuka
Class 5 lizosuka
Class 6 azosuka
Class 7 sizosuka
Class 8 zizosuka
Class 9 izosuka
Class 10 zizosuka
Class 11 luzosuka
Class 14 buzosuka
Class 15 kuzosuka
Class 17 kuzosuka

Derived terms[edit]