1581, first mention is the derivative pukishness (“the tendency to be sick frequently”). In 1600, "to spit up, regurgitate", recorded in the Seven Ages of Man speech in Shakespeare's As You Like It. Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Germanic *pukaną (“to spit, puff”), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (“to blow, swell”). If so, then cognate with German pfauchen, fauchen (“to hiss, spit”). Compare also Dutch spugen (“to spit, spit up”), German spucken (“to spit, puke, throw up”), Old English spīwan (“to vomit, spit”). More at spew.
- (colloquial, uncountable) vomit.
- (colloquial, countable) A drug that induces vomiting. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- (colloquial, countable) A worthless, despicable person.
- (US, slang, derogatory, countable) A person from Missouri.
- 2009, Clive Scott Chisholm, Following the Wrong God Home: Footloose in an American Dream:
- "Pukes" and "suckers" had badly mauled the Saints, the first pummeling them from Missouri and the second from Illinois.
- (colloquial, transitive, intransitive) To vomit; to throw up; to eject from the stomach.
- (intransitive, finance, slang) To sell securities or investments at a loss, often under duress or pressure, in order to satisfy liquidity or margin requirements, or out of a desire to exit a deteriorating market.
This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.
puke (not comparable)
- A fine grade of woolen cloth.
- c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene iv]:
- Puke-stocking caddis garter
- A very dark, dull, brownish-red color.
- wollencloth: Word Detective
- The Universal Dictionary of English, 1896, 4 vols: "Of a dark colour, said to be between black and russet."
- Hawaiian Dictionary, by Pukui and Elbert
- vagina, female reproductive system.