1581, first mention is the derivative pukishness (“the tendency to be sick frequently”). In 1600, "to spit up, regurgitate", recorded in the Seven Ages of Man speech in Shakespeare's As You Like It. Perhaps ultimately from Proto-Germanic *pukaną (“to spit, puff”), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (“to blow, swell”). If so, then cognate with German pfauchen, fauchen (“to hiss, spit”). Compare also Dutch spugen (“to spit, spit up”), German spucken (“to spit, puke, throw up”), Old English spīwan (“to vomit, spit”). More at spew.
puke (countable and uncountable, plural pukes)
- (uncountable) vomit.
- 2007, The Guardian, The Guardian Science blog, "The latest in the war on terror: the puke saber"
- the puke saber [...] pulses light over rapidly changing wavelengths, apparently inducing "disorientation, nausea and even vomiting"
- (countable) A drug that induces vomiting.
- (countable) A worthless, despicable person.
puke (third-person singular simple present pukes, present participle puking, simple past and past participle puked)
- (transitive and intransitive) To vomit; to throw up; to eject from the stomach.
- Afrikaans: kotz
- Aragonese: gomitar
- Czech: blít (cs)
- Dutch: kotsen (nl)
- Finnish: oksentaa (fi), yrjötä (fi), antaa ylen, laatata (fi), purjota
- French: vomir (fr), gerber (fr), dégueuler (fr), dégobiller (fr), caller l'orignal (Quebec)
- German: kotzen (de), kübeln, speien (de), spucken (de), Reiern
- Hungarian: hányik, okádik, rókázik
- Italian: vomitare (it)
- Latgalian: vemt
- Latvian: vemt (lv)
- Lithuanian: vemti (lt)
- Macedonian: повраќа (póvraḱa), блуе (blúe)
- Norwegian: spy (no), kaste opp (no), elge (no), mate fiskene
- Portuguese: vomitar (pt)
- Russian: блева́ть (ru) (blevátʹ)
- Serbo-Croatian: povraćati (sh), bljuvati (sh), rigati (sh)
- Spanish: devolver (es), vomitar (es)
- Swedish: spy (sv), kräkas (sv), vomera (sv), kasta upp
is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.
puke (not comparable)
- A fine grade of woolen cloth
- 1599, William Shakespeare, 1 Henry IV, ii.4
- Puke-stocking caddis garter
- A very dark, dull, brownish-red color.
- wollencloth: Word Detective
- The Universal Dictionary of English, 1896, 4 vols: "Of a dark colour, said to be between black and russet."
Borrowing from English book, from Middle English book, from Old English bōc, from Proto-Germanic *bōks (“beech, book”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos (“beech”).
- Hawaiian Dictionary, by Pukui and Elbert
From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Austronesian (compare Fijian buke, Hiligaynon bukid (“mountain”), Indonesian bukit, Malay bukit, Waray-Waray bukid (“mountain”)).
- vagina, female reproductive system.