drug

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: друг

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /dɹʌɡ/, [dɹʌɡ], [d̠͡ɹ̠˔ʷʌɡ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English drogge (medicine), from Middle French drogue (cure, pharmaceutical product), from Old French drogue, drocque (tincture, pharmaceutical product), from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German droge, as in droge vate (dry vats, dry barrels), mistaking droge for the contents, which were usually dried herbs, plants or wares. Droge comes from Middle Dutch drōghe (dry), from Old Dutch drōgi (dry), from Proto-Germanic *draugiz (dry, hard). Cognate with English dry, Dutch droog (dry), German trocken (dry).

Noun[edit]

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (pharmacology) A substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
    Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, acts against inflammation and lowers body temperature.
    The revenues from both brand-name drugs and generic drugs have increased.
  2. A psychoactive substance, especially one which is illegal and addictive, ingested for recreational use, such as cocaine.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial 2005 edition, page 3:
      We were somewhere around Barstow on the edge of the desert when the drugs began to take hold.
    • March 1991, unknown student, "Antihero opinion", SPIN, page 70
      You have a twelve-year-old kid being told from the time he's like five years old that all drugs are bad, they're going to screw you up, don't try them. Just say no. Then they try pot.
    • 2005, Thomas Brent Andrews, The Pot Plan: Louie B. Stumblin and the War on Drugs, Chronic Discontent Books, →ISBN, page 19
      The only thing working against the poor Drug Abuse Resistance Officer is high-school students. ... He'd offer his simple lesson: Drugs are bad, people who use drugs are bad, and abstinence is the only answer.
  3. Anything, such as a substance, emotion, or action, to which one is addicted.
    • 2005, Jack Haas, Om, Baby!: a Pilgrimage to the Eternal Self, page 8
      Inspiration is my drug. Such things as spirituality, booze, travel, psychedelics, contemplation, music, dance, laughter, wilderness, and ribaldry — these have simply been the different forms of the drug of inspiration for which I have had great need []
    • 2009, Niki Flynn, Dances with Werewolves, page 8:
      Fear was my drug of choice. I thrived on scary movies, ghost stories and rollercoasters. I dreamed of playing the last girl left alive in a slasher film — the one who screams herself hoarse as she discovers her friends' bodies one by one.
    • 2010, Kesha Rose Sebert (Ke$ha), with Pebe Sebert and Joshua Coleman (Ammo), Your Love is My Drug
    • 2011, Joslyn Shy, Introducing the Truth, page 5:
      The truth is...eating is my drug. When I am upset, I eat...when I am sad, I eat...when I am happy, I eat.
  4. Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand.
    • (Can we date this quote by Fielding and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      But sermons are mere drugs.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      And virtue shall a drug become.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Adjectives often used with "drug": dangerous, illicit, illegal, psychoactive, generic, hard, veterinary, recreational
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
terms derived from drug (noun)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

drug (third-person singular simple present drugs, present participle drugging, simple past and past participle drugged)

  1. (transitive) To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the recipient's knowledge or consent.
    She suddenly felt strange, and only then realized she'd been drugged.
  2. (transitive) To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging someone.
    She suddenly felt strange. She realized her drink must have been drugged.
  3. (intransitive) To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Germanic ablaut formation. If old, a doublet of drew, from Proto-Germanic *drōg; compare Dutch droeg, German trug, Swedish drog. If secondary, probably formed by analogy with hang.

Verb[edit]

drug

  1. (dialect) simple past tense and past participle of drag
    You look like someone drug you behind a horse for half a mile.
    • 2005, Diane Wilson, An Unreasonable Woman: A True Story of Shrimpers, →ISBN, page 193:
      When Blackburn called, I drug the telephone cord twenty feet out of the office and sat on the cord while I talked with him.
    • 1961 Kurt Vonnegut, Harrison Bergeron
      [] their faces were masked, so that no one, seeing a free and graceful gesture or a pretty face, would feel like something the cat drug in.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Random House says that drug is "nonstandard" as the past tense of drag. Merriam-Webster once ruled that drug in this construction was "illiterate" but have since upgraded it to "dialect". The lexicographers of New World, American Heritage, and Oxford make no mention of this sense.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (obsolete) A drudge.
    • c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act 4, scene 3]:
      Hadst thou, like us from our first swath, proceeded / The sweet degrees that this brief world affords / To such as may the passive drugs of it / Freely command, thou wouldst have plunged thyself / In general riot

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian drug.

Noun[edit]

drug m (plural drugi)

  1. pole, stick

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *drugъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *draugás, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰrewgʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

drȗg m (Cyrillic spelling дру̑г)

  1. friend
  2. (dated) comrade (commonly used in parts of Former Yugoslavia among coworkers or friends)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

drȗg (not comparable)

  1. other, another, different

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. drúg drúga drúgo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative drúg ind
drúgi def
drúga drúgo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
drúgo drúgo
genitive drúgega drúge drúgega
dative drúgemu drúgi drúgemu
locative drúgem drúgi drúgem
instrumental drúgim drúgo drúgim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative drúga drúgi drúgi
accusative drúga drúgi drúgi
genitive drúgih drúgih drúgih
dative drúgima drúgima drúgima
locative drúgih drúgih drúgih
instrumental drúgima drúgima drúgima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative drúgi drúge drúga
accusative drúge drúge drúga
genitive drúgih drúgih drúgih
dative drúgim drúgim drúgim
locative drúgih drúgih drúgih
instrumental drúgimi drúgimi drúgimi

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • drug”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Westrobothnian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse drjúgr, from Proto-Germanic *dreugaz.

Adjective[edit]

drug (comparative drugänä, superlative drugest)

  1. lasting
  2. haughty

Related terms[edit]