Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰrewgʰ-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An extension of *dʰrew- (to mislead).

Root[edit]

*dʰrewgʰ-[1][2][3]

  1. to deceive, to mislead

Derived terms[edit]

  • *dʰréwgʰ-(e)-ti (root present)[4]
    • Germanic: *dreuganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrugʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
  • *dʰrówgʰ-os (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrugʰ-o-m[5]
    • Germanic: *drugą (delusion) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrowgʰ-mos[6]
    • Germanic: *draumaz (dream) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrúgʰ-s
    • Indo-Iranian: *dʰrúkš (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “2. dhreugh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 276
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1.*dʰreu̯gʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 157
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “drauǰ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 80-81
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreugan- 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*drauga-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 100
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*drauma-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 100-101

Etymology 2[edit]

Root[edit]

*dʰrewgʰ-[1][2]

  1. to serve one's tribe
  2. loyal

Derived terms[edit]

  • *dʰréwgʰ-e-ti (root present)[3]
    • Germanic: *dreuganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrewgʰ-os[4]
    • Germanic: *dreugaz (enduring, lasting) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrowgʰ-os[5][6]
    • Balto-Slavic: *draugás (friend) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰréwgʰ-tis[7]
    • Germanic: *druhtiz (troop) (see there for further descendants)
      • Germanic: *druhtinaz (leader, lord) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhereugh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 254-255
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?2.*dʰreu̯gʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 157
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreugan- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreuga-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*drȗgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 121-122
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “draugas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*druhti-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 104