druh

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech druh, from Proto-Slavic *drugъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *draugás, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰrewgʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdrux]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

druh m anim (feminine družka)

  1. companion

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

druh m inan

  1. (taxonomy) species
    Moje oblíbená zelenina jsou brambory, a tady jsou všechny druhy brambor.Potatoes are my favourite vegetables, and there are all kinds of potatoes here.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • druh in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • druh in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

druh m

  1. dust

Declension[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish drug, druch,[1], from Proto-Slavic *drugъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *draugás, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰrewgʰ-. The "h" spelling was influenced by the pronunciation of Ukrainian друг (druh) and possibly also by Czech druh. Note, however, that "druh" alternates with "ż" in such words as "drużba" so that this orthographic rule may take precedence over the rule that forbids "h" at the end of words (compare "duch" – "dusza", but "błahy" – "błazen" and "Sapieha" – "Sapieżanka").[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

druh m pers (feminine drużka)

  1. (literary) friend, companion

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

nouns

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “drugi”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985, page 98 (on Wikisource)
  2. ^ h – ch

Further reading[edit]

  • druh in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • druh in Polish dictionaries at PWN