addict

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin addictus, past participle of addīcō (deliver; devote; surrender), from ad- (to, towards, at) + dīcō (say; declare)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (noun)
    • enPR: ăʹ.dĭkt, IPA(key): /ˈæ.dɪkt/
    • (file)
  • (verb)

Noun[edit]

addict (plural addicts)

  1. A person who is addicted, especially to a harmful drug
    He is an addict when it comes to chocolate cookies.
  2. An adherent or fan (of something)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

addict (third-person singular simple present addicts, present participle addicting, simple past and past participle addicted)

  1. (transitive, Ancient Rome) To deliver (someone or something) following a judicial decision. [from 16th c.]
  2. (reflexive, now rare, archaic) To devote (oneself) to a given activity, occupation, thing etc. [from 16th c.]
    • 1644, John Evelyn, Diary, 25 October:
      They addict themselves to the civil law.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. III, ch. 88:
      Having resided some time in this place, we returned to the other country-house which we had left, where lord B— addicted himself so much to hunting, and other male diversions, that I began to think he neglected me [] .
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To bind (a person or thing) to the service of something. [16th–18th c.]
  4. (reflexive, obsolete) To devote or pledge (oneself) to a given person, cause etc. [16th–19th c.]
  5. (transitive, now rare, archaic) To devote (one's mind, talent etc.) to a given activity, occupation, thing etc. [from 16th c.]
    • January 19, 1754, Samuel Johnson, The Adventurer No. 126
      That part of mankind that addict their minds to speculations.
  6. (transitive) To make (someone) become devoted to a given thing or activity; to cause to be addicted. [from 17th c.]
    • 1662 (published), Thomas Fuller, Worthies of England
      His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Cebuano: adik
  • Tagalog: adik

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin addictus or perhaps English addict.

Noun[edit]

addict m (plural addicts, feminine addicte)

  1. addict

Related terms[edit]


Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

addict (plural addicts)

  1. an addict

Verb[edit]

addict (third-person singular present addicts, present participle addictin, past addictit, past participle addictit)

  1. to addict

References[edit]