dico

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apocopic form of dictionnaire +‎ -o.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dico m ‎(plural dicos)

  1. (informal) dictionary
    J'adore ce dico!
    I love this dictionary

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

dico

  1. first-person singular present tense of dire

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti ‎(to show, point out).

Cognates include Oscan 𐌃𐌄𐌝𐌊𐌖𐌌 ‎(deíkum, to show, point out), Sanskrit दिशति ‎(diśáti), Ancient Greek δείκνυμι ‎(deíknumi) and Old English tǣċan (English teach).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdiː.koː/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

dīcō ‎(present infinitive dīcere, perfect active dīxī, supine dictum); third conjugation, irregular short imperative

  1. I say, utter; mention; talk, speak.
    Dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse.
    He said that two things had abashed him.
  2. I declare, state.
    1. I affirm, assert (positively).
  3. I tell.
  4. I appoint, fix, name (to an office).
  5. I call, name.
  6. (law, followed by ad) I plead (before).
  7. I speak in reference to, refer to.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of dico (third conjugation, irregular short imperative)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīcō dīcis dīcit dīcimus dīcitis dīcunt
imperfect dīcēbam dīcēbās dīcēbat dīcēbāmus dīcēbātis dīcēbant
future dīcam dīcēs dīcet dīcēmus dīcētis dīcent
perfect dīxī dīxistī dīxit dīximus dīxistis dīxērunt, dīxēre
pluperfect dīxeram dīxerās dīxerat dīxerāmus dīxerātis dīxerant
future perfect dīxerō dīxeris dīxerit dīxerimus dīxeritis dīxerint
passive present dīcor dīceris, dīcere dīcitur dīcimur dīciminī dīcuntur
imperfect dīcēbar dīcēbāris, dīcēbāre dīcēbātur dīcēbāmur dīcēbāminī dīcēbantur
future dīcar dīcēris, dīcēre dīcētur dīcēmur dīcēminī dīcentur
perfect dictus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dictus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dictus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīcam dīcās dīcat dīcāmus dīcātis dīcant
imperfect dīcerem dīcerēs dīceret dīcerēmus dīcerētis dīcerent
perfect dīxerim dīxerīs dīxerit dīxerīmus dīxerītis dīxerint
pluperfect dīxissem dīxissēs dīxisset dīxissēmus dīxissētis dīxissent
passive present dīcar dīcāris, dīcāre dīcātur dīcāmur dīcāminī dīcantur
imperfect dīcerer dīcerēris, dīcerēre dīcerētur dīcerēmur dīcerēminī dīcerentur
perfect dictus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dictus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dīc, dīce dīcite
future dīcitō dīcitō dīcitōte dīcuntō
passive present dīcere dīciminī
future dīcitor dīcitor dīcuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dīcere dīxisse dictūrus esse dīcī dictus esse dictum īrī
participles dīcēns dictūrus dictus dīcendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dīcere dīcendī dīcendō dīcendum dictum dictū
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from a lost *dex (seen in index > indicō, iūdex > iūdicō, vindex > vindicō), from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ-s, root nomen agentis from *deyḱ- ‎(to show), whence dīcō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dicō ‎(present infinitive dicāre, perfect active dicāvī, supine dicātum); first conjugation

  1. I dedicate, devote.
  2. I consecrate, deify.
  3. I appropriate to, devote to, assign to, set apart for.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of dico (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dicō dicās dicat dicāmus dicātis dicant
imperfect dicābam dicābās dicābat dicābāmus dicābātis dicābant
future dicābō dicābis dicābit dicābimus dicābitis dicābunt
perfect dicāvī dicāvistī dicāvit dicāvimus dicāvistis dicāvērunt, dicāvēre
pluperfect dicāveram dicāverās dicāverat dicāverāmus dicāverātis dicāverant
future perfect dicāverō dicāveris dicāverit dicāverimus dicāveritis dicāverint
passive present dicor dicāris, dicāre dicātur dicāmur dicāminī dicantur
imperfect dicābar dicābāris, dicābāre dicābātur dicābāmur dicābāminī dicābantur
future dicābor dicāberis, dicābere dicābitur dicābimur dicābiminī dicābuntur
perfect dicātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dicātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dicātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dicem dicēs dicet dicēmus dicētis dicent
imperfect dicārem dicārēs dicāret dicārēmus dicārētis dicārent
perfect dicāverim dicāverīs dicāverit dicāverīmus dicāverītis dicāverint
pluperfect dicāvissem dicāvissēs dicāvisset dicāvissēmus dicāvissētis dicāvissent
passive present dicer dicēris, dicēre dicētur dicēmur dicēminī dicentur
imperfect dicārer dicārēris, dicārēre dicārētur dicārēmur dicārēminī dicārentur
perfect dicātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dicātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dicā dicāte
future dicātō dicātō dicātōte dicantō
passive present dicāre dicāminī
future dicātor dicātor dicantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dicāre dicāvisse dicātūrus esse dicārī dicātus esse dicātum īrī
participles dicāns dicātūrus dicātus dicandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dicāre dicandī dicandō dicandum dicātum dicātū
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • dico in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dico in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • DICO in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • dico in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to appoint a date for an interview: diem dicere colloquio
    • to whisper something in a person's ears: in aurem alicui dicere (insusurrare) aliquid
    • I heard him say..: ex eo audivi, cum diceret
    • every one says: vulgo dicitur, pervulgatum est
    • give me your opinion: dic quid sentias
    • to speak the truth, admit the truth: verum dicere, profiteri
    • to be truthful in all one's statements: omnia ad veritatem dicere
    • to have a superficial knowledge, a smattering of literature, of the sciences: primis (ut dicitur) or primoribus labris gustare or attingere litteras
    • to contradict some one: dicere contra aliquem or aliquid (not contradicere alicui)
    • they say; it is commonly said: tradunt, dicunt, ferunt
    • to speak extempore: subito, ex tempore (opp. ex praeparato) dicere
    • to speak very fluently: copiose dicere
    • to speak well, elegantly: ornate dicere
    • to speak frankly, independently: libere dicere (Verr. 2. 72. 176)
    • to speak openly, straightforwardly: plane, aperte dicere
    • to speak in clear, expressive language: perspicue, diserte dicere
    • to speak without circumlocution: missis ambagibus dicere
    • to be a persuasive speaker: accommodate ad persuadendum dicere
    • (1) to speak vehemently, passionately; (2) to speak pompously, boastfully: magnifice loqui, dicere
    • to speak at great length on a subject, discuss very fully: fusius, uberius, copiosius disputare, dicere de aliqua re
    • to read a speech: de scripto orationem habere, dicere (opp. sine scripto, ex memoria)
    • I said it in jest: haec iocatus sum, per iocum dixi
    • to be witty: facete dicere
    • to indulge in apt witticisms: facete et commode dicere
    • to make jokes on a person: dicta dicere in aliquem
    • to say in earnest..: serio dicere (Plaut. Bacch. 1. 1. 42)
    • to say only a few words: pauca dicere (pauca verba dicere only of the orator)
    • the word amicitia comes from amare: nomen amicitiae (or simply amicitia) dicitur ab amando
    • to be used in speaking of a thing: in aliqua re dici
    • anger is defined as a passionate desire for revenge: iracundiam sic (ita) definiunt, ut ulciscendi libidinem esse dicant or ut u. libido sit or iracundiam sic definiunt, ulc. libidinem
    • the word aemulatio is employed with two meanings, in a good and a bad sense: aemulatio dupliciter dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio hoc nomen sit
    • as the proverb says: ut or quod or quomodo aiunt, ut or quemadmodum dicitur
    • Cicero says in his 'Laelius.: Cicero dicit in Laelio (suo) or in eo (not suo) libro, qui inscribitur Laelius
    • our (not noster) author tells us at this point: scriptor hoc loco dicit
    • Cicero says this somewhere: Cicero loco quodam haec dicit
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de gradu deici, ut dicitur
    • to love some one very dearly, with all one's heart: aliquem toto pectore, ut dicitur, amare (Leg. 18. 49)
    • to tell lies: mendacium dicere
    • to tell lies: falsa (pro veris) dicere
    • to greet a person: salutem alicui dicere, impertire, nuntiare
    • Cicero sends cordial greetings to Atticus: Cicero Attico S.D.P. (salutem dicit plurimam)
    • to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): repudium dicere or scribere alicui
    • to support a bill (before the people): pro lege dicere
    • to name a person dictator: dictatorem dicere (creare)
    • a dictator appoints a magister equitum: dictator dicit (legit) magistrum equitum
    • to give an opinion (also used of a judge, cf. sect. VI. 4): sententiam dicere
    • to administer justice (said of the praetor): ius dicere
    • to summon some one to appear on a given day; to accuse a person: diem dicere alicui
    • to give evidence on some one's behalf: testimonium dicere pro aliquo
    • to state as evidence: pro testimonio dicere
    • to address the court (of the advocate): causam dicere, orare (Brut. 12. 47)
    • to defend oneself before the judge (of the accused): causam dicere
    • to defend a person: causam dicere pro aliquo
    • to give sentence (of the judge, cf. sect. VI. 4, note Not...): sententiam ferre, dicere (Off. 3. 16. 66)
    • to take the military oath: sacramentum (o) dicere (vid. sect. XI. 2, note sacramentum...)
    • to dictate the terms of peace to some one: pacis condiciones dare, dicere alicui (Liv. 29. 12)
    • to sum up..: ut eorum, quae dixi, summam faciam
    • I will only say this much..: tantum or unum illud or hoc dico
    • this can be said of..., applies to..: hoc dici potest de aliqua re
    • I said en passant, by the way: dixi quasi praeteriens or in transitu
    • I have said it a thousand times: sexcenties, millies dixi
    • (ambiguous) as I said above: ut supra (opp. infra) diximus, dictum est
    • I cannot find words for..: dici vix (non) potest or vix potest dici (vix like non always before potest)
    • I avoid mentioning...; I prefer not to touch upon..: supersedeo oratione (not dicere)
    • I avoid mentioning...; I prefer not to touch upon..: omitto dicere
    • (ambiguous) this I have to say: haec habeo dicere or habeo quae dicam
    • he spoke (very much) as follows: haec (fere) dixit
    • the tenor of his speech was this..: hanc in sententiam dixit
    • which I can say without offence, arrogance: quod non arroganter dixerim
    • allow me to say: pace tua dixerim or dicere liceat
    • allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim
    • (ambiguous) so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: ac (sed) de ... satis dixi, dictum est
    • (ambiguous) a short, pointed witticism: breviter et commode dictum
    • (ambiguous) a witticism, bon mot: facete dictum
    • (ambiguous) a far-fetched joke: arcessitum dictum (De Or. 2. 63. 256)
    • (ambiguous) so to speak (used to modify a figurative expression): ut ita dicam
    • (ambiguous) not to mention..: ut non (nihil) dicam de...
    • (ambiguous) to say nothing further on..: ut plura non dicam
    • (ambiguous) not to say... (used in avoiding a stronger expression): ne dicam
    • (ambiguous) to say the least..: ne (quid) gravius dicam
    • (ambiguous) to put it briefly: ut breviter dicam
    • (ambiguous) to use the mildest expression: ut levissime dicam (opp. ut gravissimo verbo utar)
    • (ambiguous) to express myself more plainly: ut planius dicam
    • (ambiguous) to put it more exactly: ut verius dicam
    • (ambiguous) to say once for all: ut semel or in perpetuum dicam
    • (ambiguous) I will give you my true opinion: dicam quod sentio
    • (ambiguous) as I said above: ut supra (opp. infra) diximus, dictum est
    • (ambiguous) this I have to say: haec habeo dicere or habeo quae dicam
    • (ambiguous) so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: ac (sed) de ... satis dixi, dictum est
    • (ambiguous) there is something in what you say; you are more or less right: aliquid (τι) dicis (opp. nihil dicis)
    • (ambiguous) what do you mean: quorsum haec (dicis)?
    • (ambiguous) it is incredible: monstra dicis, narras
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag