sacro

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: sacro-

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacer, sacrum. Cf. also the inherited sagro.

Adjective[edit]

sacro m (feminine singular sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras)

  1. sacred
    Synonym: sagrado

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsa.kro/
  • Rhymes: -akro
  • Hyphenation: sà‧cro

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sacrum, accusative case form of sacer, from Proto-Italic *sakros, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂krós, derived from the root *seh₂k- (to sanctify, to make a treaty).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sacro (feminine sacra, masculine plural sacri, feminine plural sacre)

  1. sacred
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Participle[edit]

sacro (feminine sacra, masculine plural sacri, feminine plural sacre)

  1. (literary, rare) Synonym of sacrato, past participle of sacrare

References[edit]

  • sacro1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin ōs sacrum, calque of Ancient Greek ἱερὸν ὀστέον (hieròn ostéon, big bone), with influence from ἱερός (hierós, sacred).

Adjective[edit]

sacro (invariable)

  1. Only used in osso sacro

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacri)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum
    Synonym: osso sacro

References[edit]

  • sacro2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from Arabic صَقْر(ṣaqr), with influence from sacro (sacred).

Saker Falcon RWD3.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacri)

  1. saker falcon (Falco cherrug)
    Hypernym: falco

References[edit]

  • sacro3 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sacer (sacred, holy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sacrō (present infinitive sacrāre, perfect active sacrāvī, supine sacrātum); first conjugation

  1. I declare or set apart as sacred; consecrate, dedicate, hallow or devote; sanctify, enshrine
    Synonyms: dēdicō, dicō, addīcō, cōnsecrō, sanciō, voveō
    Antonym: exaugurō
  2. I doom or devote to destruction, declare accursed, condemn
  3. (of a deity) I hold, worship or honor as sacred
  4. (by extension) I render imperishable, deify, immortalize

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of sacrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrō sacrās sacrat sacrāmus sacrātis sacrant
imperfect sacrābam sacrābās sacrābat sacrābāmus sacrābātis sacrābant
future sacrābō sacrābis sacrābit sacrābimus sacrābitis sacrābunt
perfect sacrāvī sacrāvistī,
sacrāstī1
sacrāvit,
sacrāt1
sacrāvimus,
sacrāmus1
sacrāvistis,
sacrāstis1
sacrāvērunt,
sacrāvēre,
sacrārunt1
pluperfect sacrāveram,
sacrāram1
sacrāverās,
sacrārās1
sacrāverat,
sacrārat1
sacrāverāmus,
sacrārāmus1
sacrāverātis,
sacrārātis1
sacrāverant,
sacrārant1
future perfect sacrāverō,
sacrārō1
sacrāveris,
sacrāris1
sacrāverit,
sacrārit1
sacrāverimus,
sacrārimus1
sacrāveritis,
sacrāritis1
sacrāverint,
sacrārint1
passive present sacror sacrāris,
sacrāre
sacrātur sacrāmur sacrāminī sacrantur
imperfect sacrābar sacrābāris,
sacrābāre
sacrābātur sacrābāmur sacrābāminī sacrābantur
future sacrābor sacrāberis,
sacrābere
sacrābitur sacrābimur sacrābiminī sacrābuntur
perfect sacrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sacrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sacrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrem sacrēs sacret sacrēmus sacrētis sacrent
imperfect sacrārem sacrārēs sacrāret sacrārēmus sacrārētis sacrārent
perfect sacrāverim,
sacrārim1
sacrāverīs,
sacrārīs1
sacrāverit,
sacrārit1
sacrāverīmus,
sacrārīmus1
sacrāverītis,
sacrārītis1
sacrāverint,
sacrārint1
pluperfect sacrāvissem,
sacrāssem1
sacrāvissēs,
sacrāssēs1
sacrāvisset,
sacrāsset1
sacrāvissēmus,
sacrāssēmus1
sacrāvissētis,
sacrāssētis1
sacrāvissent,
sacrāssent1
passive present sacrer sacrēris,
sacrēre
sacrētur sacrēmur sacrēminī sacrentur
imperfect sacrārer sacrārēris,
sacrārēre
sacrārētur sacrārēmur sacrārēminī sacrārentur
perfect sacrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sacrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrā sacrāte
future sacrātō sacrātō sacrātōte sacrantō
passive present sacrāre sacrāminī
future sacrātor sacrātor sacrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sacrāre sacrāvisse,
sacrāsse1
sacrātūrum esse sacrārī sacrātum esse sacrātum īrī
participles sacrāns sacrātūrus sacrātus sacrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sacrandī sacrandō sacrandum sacrandō sacrātum sacrātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Inherited forms: (but possibly semi-learned)
    • Catalan: sagrar
    • Italian: sacrare
    • Old Occitan: sagrar
    • Portuguese: sagrar
    • Spanish: sagrar
  • Borrowings:

Adjective[edit]

sacrō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of sacer

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sacro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sacro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sacro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • sacro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacrum (holy), from sacer (sacred, holy), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂k- (to sanctify, to make a treaty).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -akɾu
  • Hyphenation: sa‧cro

Adjective[edit]

sacro (feminine sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras)

  1. sacred
    Synonyms: sagrado, santo, venerável

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. sacrum (bone)

Hypernyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacer, sacrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsakɾo/, [ˈsa.kɾo]

Adjective[edit]

sacro (feminine sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras, superlative sacratísimo)

  1. sacred
    Synonyms: sagrado, santo
  2. (anatomy) sacral (of the sacrum)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum

Further reading[edit]