sacro

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See also: sacro-

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacer, sacrum. Cf. also the inherited sagro.

Adjective[edit]

sacro m (feminine singular sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras)

  1. sacred
    Synonyms: sagrado

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sacrum, accusative case form of sacer, from Proto-Italic *sakros, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂krós, derived from the root *seh₂k- (to sanctify, to make a treaty).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsa.kro/, [ˈs̪äːkr̺o̞]
  • Stress: sàcro
  • Hyphenation: sa‧cro

Adjective[edit]

sacro (feminine singular sacra, masculine plural sacri, feminine plural sacre)

  1. sacred

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacri)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum
    Synonyms: osso sacro

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sacer (sacred, holy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sacrō (present infinitive sacrāre, perfect active sacrāvī, supine sacrātum); first conjugation

  1. I declare or set apart as sacred; consecrate, dedicate, hallow or devote; sanctify, enshrine
  2. I doom or devote to destruction, declare accursed, condemn
  3. (of a deity) I hold, worship or honor as sacred
  4. (by extension) I render imperishable, deify, immortalize

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of sacro (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrō sacrās sacrat sacrāmus sacrātis sacrant
imperfect sacrābam sacrābās sacrābat sacrābāmus sacrābātis sacrābant
future sacrābō sacrābis sacrābit sacrābimus sacrābitis sacrābunt
perfect sacrāvī sacrāvistī, sacrāsti1 sacrāvit sacrāvimus sacrāvistis, sacrāstis1 sacrāvērunt, sacrāvēre
pluperfect sacrāveram sacrāverās sacrāverat sacrāverāmus sacrāverātis sacrāverant
future perfect sacrāverō sacrāveris sacrāverit sacrāverimus sacrāveritis sacrāverint
passive present sacror sacrāris, sacrāre sacrātur sacrāmur sacrāminī sacrantur
imperfect sacrābar sacrābāris, sacrābāre sacrābātur sacrābāmur sacrābāminī sacrābantur
future sacrābor sacrāberis, sacrābere sacrābitur sacrābimur sacrābiminī sacrābuntur
perfect sacrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sacrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sacrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrem sacrēs sacret sacrēmus sacrētis sacrent
imperfect sacrārem sacrārēs sacrāret sacrārēmus sacrārētis sacrārent
perfect sacrāverim sacrāverīs sacrāverit sacrāverīmus sacrāverītis sacrāverint
pluperfect sacrāvissem, sacrāssem1 sacrāvissēs, sacrāsses1 sacrāvisset, sacrāsset1 sacrāvissēmus, sacrāssemus1 sacrāvissētis, sacrāssetis1 sacrāvissent, sacrāssent1
passive present sacrer sacrēris, sacrēre sacrētur sacrēmur sacrēminī sacrentur
imperfect sacrārer sacrārēris, sacrārēre sacrārētur sacrārēmur sacrārēminī sacrārentur
perfect sacrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sacrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sacrā sacrāte
future sacrātō sacrātō sacrātōte sacrantō
passive present sacrāre sacrāminī
future sacrātor sacrātor sacrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sacrāre sacrāvisse, sacrāsse1 sacrātūrus esse sacrārī sacrātus esse sacrātum īrī
participles sacrāns sacrātūrus sacrātus sacrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sacrāre sacrandī sacrandō sacrandum sacrātum sacrātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sacrō

  1. dative masculine singular of sacer
  2. ablative masculine singular of sacer
  3. dative neuter singular of sacer
  4. ablative neuter singular of sacer

References[edit]

  • sacro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sacro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sacro” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • sacro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacrum (holy), from sacer (sacred, holy), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂k- (to sanctify, to make a treaty).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sacro m (feminine singular sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras, comparable)

  1. sacred
    Synonyms: sagrado, santo, venerável

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. sacrum (bone)

Hypernyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sacer, sacrum.

Adjective[edit]

sacro (feminine singular sacra, masculine plural sacros, feminine plural sacras)

  1. sacred
  2. sacral

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

sacro m (plural sacros)

  1. (anatomy) sacrum