dictum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin dictum ‎(proverb, maxim), from dictus ("having been said"), perfect passive participle of dico ("I say").

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dictum ‎(plural dicta or dictums)

  1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; a maxim, an apothegm.
    • 1949, Bruce Kiskaddon, George R. Stewart, Earth Abides
      ...a dictum which he had heard an economics professor once propound...
  2. A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it.
  3. The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it.
  4. An arbitrament or award.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dīcō ‎(say, speak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dictum n ‎(genitive dictī); second declension

  1. a word, saying, something said
  2. proverb, maxim
  3. bon mot, witticism
  4. verse, poetry
  5. a prophesy, prediction
  6. order, command
  7. promise, assurance

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative dictum dicta
genitive dictī dictōrum
dative dictō dictīs
accusative dictum dicta
ablative dictō dictīs
vocative dictum dicta

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Participle[edit]

dictum

  1. nominative neuter singular of dictus
  2. accusative masculine singular of dictus
  3. accusative neuter singular of dictus
  4. vocative neuter singular of dictus

Verb[edit]

dictum

  1. supine of dīcō

References[edit]

  • dictum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dictum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • DICTUM” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • dictum” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a short, pointed witticism: breviter et commode dictum
    • (ambiguous) a witticism, bon mot: facete dictum
    • (ambiguous) a far-fetched joke: arcessitum dictum (De Or. 2. 63. 256)
    • (ambiguous) to make jokes on a person: dicta dicere in aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to obey a person's orders: dicto audientem esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) as I said above: ut supra (opp. infra) diximus, dictum est
    • (ambiguous) so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: ac (sed) de ... satis dixi, dictum est

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

dictum m ‎(plural dictums)

  1. dictum