From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search


English Wikipedia has an article on:


From Latin dictum (proverb, maxim), from dictus (having been said), perfect passive participle of dico (I say). Compare Spanish dicho (saying).



dictum (plural dicta or dictums)

  1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; a maxim, an apothegm.
    • 1949, Bruce Kiskaddon, George R. Stewart, Earth Abides:
      [] a dictum which he had heard an economics professor once propound []
    • 1992, Arthur Coleman Danto, Beyond the Brillo Box, University of California Press, →ISBN, page 5:
      But this is not the philosophical revolution of which I speak. What Warhol's dictum amounted to was that you cannot tell when something is a work of art just by looking at it, for there is no particular way that art has to look.
  2. A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it.
  3. The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it.
  4. An arbitrament or award.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]



Etymology 1[edit]

Neuter form of dictus (said, spoken), past passive participle of dīcō (to say, to speak).


dictum n (genitive dictī); second declension

  1. a word, saying, something said
  2. proverb, maxim, saw
  3. bon mot, witticism
    Synonym: dictērium
  4. verse, poetry
  5. a prophecy, prediction
  6. order, command
  7. promise, assurance

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dictum dicta
Genitive dictī dictōrum
Dative dictō dictīs
Accusative dictum dicta
Ablative dictō dictīs
Vocative dictum dicta
Related terms[edit]
  • Asturian: dichu
  • Dutch: dictum
  • English: dictum
  • Friulian: dit
  • German: Diktum
  • Italian: detto
  • Middle English: dicte
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: diktum
  • Old French: dit
  • Piedmontese: dit
  • Portuguese: dictum
  • Spanish: dicho; dictum
  • Venetian: dito, dit
Further reading[edit]
  • dictum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dictum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dictum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • dictum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a short, pointed witticism: breviter et commode dictum
    • (ambiguous) a witticism, bon mot: facete dictum
    • (ambiguous) a far-fetched joke: arcessitum dictum (De Or. 2. 63. 256)
    • (ambiguous) to make jokes on a person: dicta dicere in aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to obey a person's orders: dicto audientem esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) as I said above: ut supra (opp. infra) diximus, dictum est
    • (ambiguous) so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: ac (sed) de ... satis dixi, dictum est

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. inflection of dictus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular



  1. accusative supine of dīcō

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]


dictum n (definite singular dictumet, indefinite plural dicta or dictum, definite plural dicta or dictaa or dictai or dictuma or dictumi)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of diktum


Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl


Borrowed from Latin dictum.


  • IPA(key): /ˈdik.tum/
  • Rhymes: -iktum
  • Syllabification: dic‧tum


dictum n

  1. (literary) dictum (authoritative statement)


Further reading[edit]

  • dictum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dictum in Polish dictionaries at PWN



dictum m (plural dictums)

  1. dictum

Further reading[edit]