dire

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: diré and díře

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dīrus (fearful, ominous).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdaɪ̯ə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)

Adjective[edit]

dire (comparative direr or more dire, superlative direst or most dire)

  1. Warning of bad consequences: ill-boding; portentous.
    dire omens
  2. Requiring action to prevent bad consequences: urgent, pressing.
    dire need
    • 2014 June 14, “It's a gas”, in The Economist, volume 411, number 8891:
      One of the hidden glories of Victorian engineering is proper drains. [] But out of sight is out of mind. And that, together with the inherent yuckiness of the subject, means that many old sewers have been neglected and are in dire need of repair.
  3. Expressing bad consequences: dreadful; dismal
    dire consequences;  to be in dire straits
    • 2019 August 30, Jonathan Watts, “Amazon fires show world heading for point of no return, says UN”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Cristiana Paşca Palmer, the executive secretary of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, said the destruction of the world’s biggest rainforest was a grim reminder that a fresh approach needed to stabilise the climate and prevent ecosystems from declining to a point of no return, with dire consequences for humanity.
    Synonyms: horrible, terrible, lamentable
  4. (informal) Bad in quality, awful, terrible.
    • 2011 December 10, Arindam Rej, “Norwich 4-2 Newcastle”, in BBC Sport:
      A second Norwich goal in four minutes arrived after some dire Newcastle defending. Gosling gave the ball away with a sloppy back-pass, allowing Crofts to curl in a cross that the unmarked Morison powered in with a firm, 12-yard header.
    His dire mistake allowed her to checkmate him with her next move.

Quotations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French dire, from Old French dire, from Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti (to show, point out).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. to say, to tell

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dire m (plural dires)

  1. saying (that which is said)
  2. belief, opinion

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti (to show, point out).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdi.re/, [ˈd̪iːr̺e]
  • Hyphenation: dì‧re

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to say, tell
  2. (transitive, intransitive) to recite
  3. (transitive, intransitive) to mean
  4. (transitive, intransitive) to think
  5. (transitive, intransitive) to admit

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dīre

  1. vocative masculine singular of dīrus

References[edit]

  • dire in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dire, from a contraction of Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. to say (express using language)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: dire

Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan dir, dire, from a contraction of Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. to say (express using language)
  2. to mean; to signify

Conjugation[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. (chiefly intransitive) to say
  2. (transitive) to recount (a story)

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • “Appendix E: Irregular Verbs” in E. Einhorn (1974), Old French: A Concise Handbook, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 153

Old Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. to say

Descendants[edit]


Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dire, from a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere.

Verb[edit]

dire

  1. to say