dir

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See also: Dir, Dir., dir-, dír-, and dîr

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dir (plural dirs)

  1. Abbreviation of direction.
  2. (computing) Abbreviation of directory.
  3. Abbreviation of director.

Adjective[edit]

dir (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of direct.

Adverb[edit]

dir

  1. Abbreviation of directly.

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dicere.

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. to say

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin īre, present active infinitive of ; the forms beginning with V from corresponding forms of vādō; the forms beginning with F from the corresponding forms of sum.

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. to go

Conjugation[edit]

From http://ast.oslin.org/index.php?action=lemma&lemma=17232


Breton[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dir m

  1. steel

Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti (to show, point out). Compare Occitan dire or díser, French dire, and Spanish decir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dir (first-person singular present dic, past participle dit)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to say, to pronounce
  2. (transitive) to say, to tell
    Va dir una mentida.
    She told a lie.
    El dèiem que cuinés el sopar.
    We told him to cook dinner.
  3. (transitive) to call, to refer to as
  4. (reflexive) to be named, to be called
    Com et dius?What's your name?

Conjugation[edit]

Balearic has deis as the second-person plural present indicative form. This is similar to French dire having dites as the standard form instead of the expected disez, and contemporary Italian dire having dite as the standard form in place of the expected dicete.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German dir, from Old High German dir, from Proto-West Germanic *þiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *þiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): /diːɐ̯/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːɐ̯
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /dɐ/, /də/

Pronoun[edit]

dir

  1. (personal) dative of du; you, to you.
  2. (reflexive) dative of du; yourself, to yourself.

Further reading[edit]

  • dir” in Duden online

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French dire (to say).

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. (Saint-Domingue) to say, to tell
    Mo prié vou tant seulement vou pas dir personne à rien.I just ask that you don't tell anyone a thing.

Descendants[edit]

  • Haitian Creole: di

References[edit]

  • S.J Ducoeurjoly, Manuel des habitans de Saint-Domingue, contenant un précis de l'histoire de cette île

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. Apocopic form of dire

Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • der (unstressed)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old High German dir.

Pronoun[edit]

dir

  1. second-person singular, dative: you; thee
    Ech hunn dir e Bréif geschéckt.
    I have sent you a letter.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old High German ir. The d- is through unetymological segmentation of the ending -t of a preceding verb (*stitt ir*stiddirstitt dir). This development was assisted by a parallelism with the 1st person, in which the dative singular mir is also the nominative plural (this latter development occurred for a similar reason, but was earlier and is widespread throughout High German).

Pronoun[edit]

dir

  1. second-person plural, nominative: you; you all; ye
    Hutt dir gutt geschlof?
    Have you slept well?
Derived terms[edit]
  • Dir (singular and plural polite form)

Declension[edit]


Old Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere.

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. to say

Descendants[edit]


Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German dir, from Old High German dir, from Proto-West Germanic *þiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *þiz. Compare German dir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

dir

  1. to you

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin dūrus.

Adjective[edit]

dir m (feminine singular dira, masculine plural dirs, feminine plural diras)

  1. (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Rumantsch Grischun) hard
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ- (to show, point out). The origin of some forms starting with sch- likely result from regular elisions of unstressed syllables: dīcēbam*dcéβascheva.

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. to say
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) dir
  • (Sutsilvan) gir
  • (Surmiran) deir

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

dir m (plural dirs)

  1. (anatomy, Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) liver
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Somali[edit]

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. send

Tolai[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

dir

  1. Third-person dual pronoun: they two, them two

Declension[edit]



Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of Latin dīcere (compare Italian dire), present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb[edit]

dir

  1. (transitive) to say, tell
  2. (transitive) to affirm

Conjugation[edit]

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dir

  1. Soft mutation of tir (land).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tir dir nhir thir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.