mir

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See also: mir., miř, mír, mìr, miR, Mir, and MIR

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, community, village commune; peace; world).

Noun[edit]

mir (plural mirs)

  1. (now historical) A traditional village community in Imperial Russia, charaterised by self-government and collectivist control of local lands. [from 19th c.]
    • 1878, Donald Mackenzie Wallace, Russia, volumes 1-3, page 179:
      [T]he constitution of the village [] was a subject which specially interested me, because I was aware that the Mir is the most peculiar of Russian institutions.
    • R. Van Bergen, The Story of Russia, page 190:
      The mir was the only means to prevent this, and mir meant serfdom under another name. The landowners disposed of their land, or of so much as was required to support the peasants, not to individuals but to the mir.
    • 2007, Tim Blanning, The Pursuit of Glory, Penguin 2008, p. 169:
      Consisting of village elders elected by the male heads of household, the mir conducted almost all peasant business, fixing the dates for the agricultural year, deciding what, when and how crops should be grown, distributing plots of land on the open fields, collecting taxes and enforcing basic community discipline.

Anagrams[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German mir (we).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. (personal) we
  2. (personal) dative singular of ich: (to) me

Declension[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): /miːɐ̯/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːɐ̯
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /mɐ/, /mə/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German mir (me), from Old High German mir (me), from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. (personal) dative of ich: me, to me:
    Er gab es mir.
    He gave it to me.
Derived terms[edit]
  • mirs (it to me)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German mir (we). The form originated through assimilation of wir with a preceding verb form and subsequent unetymological segmentation. This is possibly already an Old High German development, since a common Old High German ending of the 1st person plural was -em, thus bittēm wir*bittē-mir (modern bitten wir (ask we, do we ask)). The contraction as such is definitely old, though the common form of assimilation, both in written Old High German and written Middle High German, is through loss of the nasal: bittē wir. The form with mir may either be a younger development in Middle High German, or a more colloquial form that only later appeared in writing. Older age is suggested by the great dominance of mir throughout modern dialects of High German. Compare Yiddish מיר(mir), Luxembourgish mir. Compare also Old Norse mit (we two), Norwegian Nynorsk me (we).

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. (dialectal or colloquial) Alternative form of wir (we)
    • 16th century / 1874, Alsfelder Passionsspiel mit Wörterbuch herausgegeben von C. W. M. Grein, p. 13 l. 458f. [note: the text also has mer for 1st person plural nominative]:
      Mir willen widder in die helle,
      Die armen sele siden und quellen.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Usage notes[edit]
  • The form is not common in those parts of northern Germany where Low German dialects have traditionally been spoken.

Further reading[edit]

  • mir” in Duden online
  • mir” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • meer (some dialects)
  • mehr (some dialects, including Münsterländisch)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /miːæ̯/ (Mecklenburg, Pomerania)
  • IPA(key): /miːə̯/ (Holstein, Lower Saxony, northern Brandenburg)
  • IPA(key): /miːr/ (southern Brandenburg)

Adjective[edit]

mir

  1. (Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian, some Northern Low Saxon, parts of Brandenburg) comparative degree of vęl; more

Irish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mir

  1. inflection of mear:
    1. vocative/genitive masculine singular
    2. (archaic) dative feminine singular

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mir mhir not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Limburgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (most dialects) IPA(key): /mɪr/
  • (Maastricht) IPA(key): /mir/

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. (personal, obsolete) dative of ich: me, to me
    Mir gaaf t'r 't.He gave it to me.

See also[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mer (unstressed)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /miːr/, [miə̯], [ˈmiː.ɐ]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German mir.

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. first-person singular, dative: me, to me
    Dat brauchs de mir net ze erklären.
    You don’t have to explain that to me.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old High German wir through assimilation with a preceding verb ending (-n w- > -m-) and subsequent unetymological segmentation. See German mir (etymology 2) for the details. Compare also Luxembourgish dir (you), in which a similar development took place.

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. first-person plural, nominative: we
    Mir hu véier Hausdéieren.
    We have four pets.

Declension[edit]


Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mir

  1. red, of reddish coconuts or the sky

Noun[edit]

mir

  1. the color red, of reddish coconuts or the sky

References[edit]


Meriam[edit]

Noun[edit]

mir

  1. word
  2. language

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

mir

  1. Alternative form of mirre

Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German mir (me), from Proto-West Germanic *miʀ, from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Old English (me). More at me.

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. me: dative singular of ich

Descendants[edit]

  • Alemannic German: mir, mer
  • Bavarian:
    Cimbrian: miar
    Mòcheno: mer
  • Central Franconian:
    Hunsrik: meer, mer
  • German: mir
  • Luxembourgish: mir, meer
  • Yiddish: מיר(mir)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, peace, world).[1]

Noun[edit]

mir m (definite singular miren, indefinite plural mirer, definite plural mirene)

  1. (historical) a mir

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mir” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian мир (mir, peace, world).[1]

Noun[edit]

mir m (definite singular miren, indefinite plural mirar, definite plural mirane)

  1. (historical) a mir

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mir” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. dative singular of ih

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German mir. Compare German mir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. to me
  2. we

Declension[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish mir, mier, from Proto-Slavic *mirъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás, from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s.

Noun[edit]

mir m inan

  1. (dated) respect (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit)
    Synonyms: poważanie, szacunek
  2. (dated) peace (absence of conflict, violence, or war)
    Synonyms: pokój, zgoda
  3. (historical, law) special protection granted by a monarch to certain individuals or places
  4. (historical) mir, obshchina (peasant village community as opposed to individual farmsteads, or khutors, in Imperial Russia)
    Synonym: obszczina
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mir f

  1. genitive plural of mira

Further reading[edit]

  • mir in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • mir in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic мѵро (müro), from Ancient Greek μύρον (múron). Compare also Aromanian mir.

Noun[edit]

mir n (plural miruri)

  1. chrism
  2. unction
  3. holy oil
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mir

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of mira

Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin mūrus.

Noun[edit]

mir m (plural mirs)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) exterior wall
Alternative forms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • paraid (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader)
  • preit (Sursilvan)
  • pare (Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin murem, the accusative singular form of mūs (mouse).

Noun[edit]

mir f (plural mirs)

  1. (Sutsilvan) mouse
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás, from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mȋr m (Cyrillic spelling ми̑р)

  1. peace
    • 1996, United Nations, “Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Serbian”, in UDHR in Unicode[1]:
      Pošto je priznavanje urođenog dostojanstva i jednakih i neotuđivih prava svih članova ljudske porodice temelj slobode, pravde i mira u svetu;
      Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
    Nobelova nagrada za mirNobel peace prize
    centar grada je oaza mira i zelenilacity center is an oasis of peace and greenery
    mirovna konferencijapeace conference
  2. calm, tranquility
    ostavi me na miru!leave me alone!
    pusti me na miru!leave me alone!

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mȋr m inan

  1. peace (tranquility, quiet, harmony)

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, mobile accent
nominative mír
genitive mirú
singular
nominative mír
accusative mír
genitive mirú
dative míru
locative míru
instrumental mírom
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative mír
genitive míra
singular
nominative mír
accusative mír
genitive míra
dative míru
locative míru
instrumental mírom

Tolai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mir

  1. First-person exclusive dual pronoun: he/she and I, him/her and me

Declension[edit]



Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian мир (mir).

Noun[edit]

mir

  1. world

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of mir
nominative sing. mir
genitive sing. mirun
partitive sing. mirud
partitive plur. miruid
singular plural
nominative mir mirud
accusative mirun mirud
genitive mirun miruiden
partitive mirud miruid
essive-instructive mirun miruin
translative miruks miruikš
inessive mirus miruiš
elative miruspäi miruišpäi
illative ? miruihe
adessive mirul miruil
ablative mirulpäi miruilpäi
allative mirule miruile
abessive miruta miruita
comitative mirunke miruidenke
prolative mirudme miruidme
approximative I mirunno miruidenno
approximative II mirunnoks miruidennoks
egressive mirunnopäi miruidennopäi
terminative I ? miruihesai
terminative II mirulesai miruilesai
terminative III mirussai
additive I ? miruihepäi
additive II mirulepäi miruilepäi

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “мир, свет”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika