мир

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See also: Мир

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

мир (mirm (related adjective ми́рен or ми́ров)

  1. peace
  2. peacefulness, tranquility, repose
    Synonym: поко́й (pokój)
    мир и поко́йmir i pokójpeace and quiet
    Оставе́те ме на ми́ра!Ostavéte me na míra!Leave me in peace!
  3. (poetic) universe; world
    Synonyms: свят (svjat), всеми́р (vsemír), вселе́на (vseléna)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • мир in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • мир in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Mandarin 明兒明儿 (míngr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

мир (mir) (I)

  1. tomorrow
    Synonyms: минтян (minti͡an), миргә (mirgə)

Even[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tungusic *muire, compare Evenki мирэ (mirə), Manchu ᠮᡝᡳᡵᡝᠨ (meiren), Nanai муйрэ and нгуйрэ, .

Noun[edit]

мир (mir)

  1. shoulder

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mir]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: мир

Noun[edit]

мир (mirm (related adjective мирен)

  1. peace

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • мир” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language]

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás (peace), from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s. The dual meaning of "peace" and "world" is unique to Slavic. Pre-1918 orthography had a purely orthographical distinction of the two meanings which did not, however, have any basis in a difference in pronunciation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

мир (mirm inan (genitive ми́ра, nominative plural миры́, genitive plural миро́в, related adjective мирово́й or мирско́й, diminutive миро́к)

  1. (usually uncountable) peace
    война́ и мирvojná i mirwar and peace
    мир во всём ми́реmir vo vsjóm míreworld peace
    опло́т ми́раoplót mírastronghold of peace
    Ми́ру мир! (slogan)Míru mir!Peace to the world
  2. universe; world; planet
    происхожде́ние ми́раproisxoždénije míraorigin of the universe

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The locative form миру ("in [this] world") is used with religious figures to indicate their secular name - for example, "Протопоп Афанасий, в миру Александр Иванович Неизвестнов" would mean "Protopope Afanasy, secular name Alexander Ivanovich Neizvestnov"

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kildin Sami: мырр (mɨrr)

Further reading[edit]

  • мир in Большой толковый словарь, editor-in-chief С. А. Кузнецов – hosted at gramota.ru

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *meiˀrás, from Proto-Indo-European *mey(H)-ró-s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ми̑р m (Latin spelling mȋr)

  1. peace
    • 1996, United Nations, “Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Serbian”, in UDHR in Unicode[1]:
      Пошто је признавање урођеног достојанства и једнаких и неотуђивих права свих чланова људске породице темељ слободе, правде и мира у свету;
      Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
    Нобелова награда за мирNobel peace prize
    центар града је оаза мира и зеленилаcity center is an oasis of peace and greenery
    мировна конференцијаpeace conference
  2. calm, tranquility
    остави ме на миру!leave me alone!
    пусти ме на миру!leave me alone!

Declension[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mirъ (peace; world).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

мир (myrm inan (genitive ми́ру, uncountable)

  1. peace
  2. world

Declension[edit]

(peace)

(world)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]