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Borrowed from Latin mūrus (wall).


murus (plural muri)

  1. A wall, in the context of Ancient Rome. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. (palynology) A pattern-forming ridge on the surface of a pollen grain.


Derived terms[edit]




  1. inessive singular of muru



From Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to fix, to build fortifications or fences), see also Latin mūnīre (to protect), Old Norse -mæri (border-land, boundary), Old English mære (landmark, border, boundary). See also Sanskrit मुर् (múr, wall), Sanskrit मुर (mura, surrounding, encircling, enclosing).



mūrus m (genitive mūrī); second declension

  1. wall, city wall(s), (usually of a city, as opposed to pariēs)
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 2.234:
      “Dīvidimus mūrōs et moenia pandimus urbis.”
      “We breach the walls and lay open the defenses of the city.”


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūrus mūrī
Genitive mūrī mūrōrum
Dative mūrō mūrīs
Accusative mūrum mūrōs
Ablative mūrō mūrīs
Vocative mūre mūrī

Derived terms[edit]


  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: mur
    • Romanian: mur
    • Albanian: mur
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
  • Borrowings:
    • English: murus (learned)
    • Old Irish: múr
    • Welsh: mur
    • Proto-West Germanic: *mūrā (see there for further descendants)
    • Slovak: múr

See also[edit]


  • murus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • murus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • murus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • murus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to throw oneself from the ramparts: se deicere de muro
    • to scale the walls by means of ladders: positis scalis muros ascendere
    • the battering-ram strikes the wall: aries murum attingit, percutit
    • to drive the defenders from the walls: murum nudare defensoribus
  • murus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • murus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin