murus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin mūrus (wall).

Noun[edit]

murus (plural muri)

  1. A wall. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. (palynology) A pattern-forming ridge on the surface of a pollen grain.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

murus

  1. inessive singular of muru

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *moiros, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to fix, to build fortifications or fences), see also Latin mūnīre (to protect), Old Norse -mæri (border-land, boundary), Old English mære (landmark, border, boundary). See also Sanskrit मुर् (múr, wall), Sanskrit मुर (mura, surrounding, encircling, enclosing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mūrus m (genitive mūrī); second declension

  1. a wall

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūrus mūrī
Genitive mūrī mūrōrum
Dative mūrō mūrīs
Accusative mūrum mūrōs
Ablative mūrō mūrīs
Vocative mūre mūrī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Bourguignon: meur
  • Dalmatian: mor, moir
  • Walloon: meur
  • Eastern Romance:
  • Italian: muro
  • Old French: mur
  • Old Occitan: mur
  • Old Portuguese: muro
  • Old Spanish: muro
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Sardinian: muru
  • Sicilian: muru
  • Venetian: muro, mur
  • Albanian: mur
    • Romanian: mur
  • English: murus (learned)
  • Old Irish: múr
  • Welsh: mur
  • West Germanic: *mūrā (see there for further descendants)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • murus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • murus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • murus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • murus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to throw oneself from the ramparts: se deicere de muro
    • to scale the walls by means of ladders: positis scalis muros ascendere
    • the battering-ram strikes the wall: aries murum attingit, percutit
    • to drive the defenders from the walls: murum nudare defensoribus
  • murus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • murus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin