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From Latin vallum. Doublet of wall comes from this word via a Proto-Germanic borrowing from Latin.


vallum (plural vallums or valla)

  1. (historical, Roman antiquity) A rampart; a wall, as in a fortification.
  2. (anatomy) The eyebrow.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for vallum in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



From vallus (stake, palisade, point), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (to turn, wind, roll).



vallum n (genitive vallī); second declension

  1. wall, rampart, entrenchment


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vallum valla
Genitive vallī vallōrum
Dative vallō vallīs
Accusative vallum valla
Ablative vallō vallīs
Vocative vallum valla

Derived terms[edit]



  • vallum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vallum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vallum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vallum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to raise a rampart, earthwork: vallum iacere, exstruere, facere
    • (ambiguous) to fortify the camp with a rampart: castra munire vallo (aggere)
    • (ambiguous) to keep watch on the rampart: custodias agere in vallo
    • (ambiguous) to surround a town with a rampart and fosse: oppidum cingere vallo et fossa
  • vallum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vallum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin