val

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See also: Val, văl, väl, and -val

Contents

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vals)

  1. voucher

Verb[edit]

val

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of valer
  2. second-person singular imperative form of valer

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Further reading[edit]

  • val in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • val in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb vallen (to fall).

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. fall (act of falling)
  2. downfall, demise
    Synonyms: ondergang
  3. trap, snare
  4. (in compounds) case
  5. (in compounds) nightfall
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) catfish
    Synonyms: meerval
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Verb[edit]

val

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vallen
  2. imperative of vallen

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n (genitive singular vals, plural val)

  1. choice
  2. (politics) election
  3. quality

Declension[edit]

Declension of val
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative val valið val valini
accusative val valið val valini
dative vali valinum valum valunum
genitive vals valsins vala valanna

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vaux)

  1. (literary) valley, vale

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural valis)

  1. valley

Synonyms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese val, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vales)

  1. valley

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n

  1. choice
  2. selection

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

val f (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of valle

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Finnish valo.

Noun[edit]

val

  1. light

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

val (or alternate rafsi vla )

  1. rafsi of valsi. (word)

Middle High German[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. fall
  2. (grammar) case
    • Heinrich von Mügeln, Der meide krancz (Codex Palatinus germanicus (Cod. Pal. germ.) 14)
      Wÿ man dy namen brechen ſol
      Nach iren vellen hin czu cal
      [the following verses contain a delcensions of Petrus (genitive Petri, dative Petro, accusative Petrum, vocative Petre and ablative Petro)]
      How one shall inflect/decline (literally break) the nouns
      After their cases over to number

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse vaðill (ford, shallow water).

Noun[edit]

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. inlet, shallow bay

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse valr (the fallen).

Noun[edit]

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n (definite singular valet, indefinite plural val, definite plural vala)

  1. a choice
    Du har ikkje noko val.
    You don't have a choice.
  2. election
    Kven skal du røysta på til valet?
    Who are you going to vote for in the election?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis.

Noun[edit]

val m (oblique plural vaus or vax or vals, nominative singular vaus or vax or vals, nominative plural val)

  1. valley

Descendants[edit]

  • English: vale (borrowed)
  • French: val

Old High German[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. fall

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: val

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

val

  1. (Portugal) third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of valer

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vales)

  1. Apocopic form of vale: valley

Synonyms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Common Slavic valŭ (Proto-Slavic *valъ), from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll). Compare Serbo-Croatian val; cf. also Albanian valë.

Noun[edit]

val n (plural valuri)

  1. wave
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin vallum (wall, rampart), probably a later borrowing; cf. German Wall, Italian vallo, also English wall

Noun[edit]

val n (plural valuri)

  1. earth rampart which served in antiquity as a military stronghold
See also[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vȃl m (Cyrillic spelling ва̑л)

  1. wave

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vál m inan (genitive vála, nominative plural valôvi or váli)

  1. wave, undulation

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural valles)

  1. Apocopic form of valle valley

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

val

  1. Apocopic form of vale: is worth
    mi casa y mi hogar cien doblas val. (val rhymes with hogar, assonant rhyme)
    there's no place like home.

Usage notes[edit]

In Old Spanish, after the consonants /d/, /n/, /l/, /ll/, /r/, and /z/, a final /-e/ was frequently elided, as in pid, vien, val, quier, faz, versus the modern forms of pide, viene, vale, quiere, and hace (in modern Spanish, a few apocopes following coronal consonants are still preserved: buen, gran, san, derived from bueno, grande, and santo).


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish hval, from Old Norse hvalr, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷálos (sheatfish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val c

  1. whale
Declension[edit]
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valen valar valarna
Genitive vals valens valars valarnas

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n

  1. an election[1]
  2. a choice
Declension[edit]
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valet val valen
Genitive vals valets vals valens

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government terms, Government Offices of Sweden

Venetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Hyphenation: vàl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural val)

  1. valley
Synonyms[edit]