val

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See also: Val, vál, văl, väl, val., Val., and -val

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

val (countable and uncountable, plural vals)

  1. (informal) Valium.
    • 1997 May 29, Kate Sholl, “Re: MED: Pain relief in Neck?”, in alt.med.fibromyalgia, Usenet[1]:
      and i must be on that list of people that need to get knocked over with a hammer 'cause vicodin and val don't knock me out.
    • 1998 December 29, rob [username], “Re: Depression and MS(leg/feet burning pain)”, in alt.support.mult-sclerosis, Usenet[2]:
      I would think though that whatever the reason for a panic attack valium would be great. I know that if my house was on fire and I was on 15mg of val It[sic] would take a lot more energy than I had, to panic. ;^)
    • 2002 June 28, FllSpdAhd1 [username], “Re: Valium?”, in rec.pets.cats.health+behav, Usenet[3]:
      I'm a medic and phenobarb is the primary drug for true seizures, but the OP states the cat presents seizure like behavior at the sound of her voice. I don't know where any of you are from, but we don't treat seizures with val.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch vallen

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

val (present val, present participle vallende, past participle geval)

  1. to fall

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vals)

  1. voucher

Interjection[edit]

val

  1. okay

Verb[edit]

val

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of valer
  2. second-person singular imperative form of valer

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • val in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • val in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse valr

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val c (singular definite valen, not used in plural form)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German wal or Dutch wal (coast, shore), from Latin vallum. Doublet of vold.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) steep coastline

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse vǫllr, from Proto-Germanic *walþuz (forest), cognate with German Wald. Doublet of vold. Alternatively, the same word as the noun above.

Noun[edit]

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) plain
    • 1812, N.F.S. Grundtvig, Til Danerkongen Frederik hin Sjette (in: Poetiske Skrifter, vol. 3, p. 2):
      Paa faste Val og paa den grønne Strand, | At ofre villig baade Liv og Blod.
      On the firm plain and the green beach to sacrifice both life and blood.

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /vɑl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: val
  • Rhymes: -ɑl

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb vallen (to fall).

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. A fall (act or event of falling).
  2. A downfall, demise.
    Synonym: ondergang
  3. (in compounds) A case
  4. (in compounds) The falling of the night, nightfall.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch valle.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. A physical trap, snare.
  2. Any trap, ploy.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

val

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vallen
  2. imperative of vallen

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Probably of the same origin as walvis (whale), being the largest land fish.

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) A catfish.
    Synonym: meerval
  2. Any of its relatives in the family Siluridae.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Sanskrit वल्ले (valle), called after the resilient seeds of Abrus precatorius. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vals, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) An East Indian weight for silver and gold.(Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    • 1682, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, De zes reizen van den Heer J. Bapt. Tavernier, die hij, gedurende de tyt van veertig jaren, in Turkyen, Persiën, en in d'Indiën, langs alle de wegen, die derwaarts strekken, gedaan heeft [The six voyages of Lord J. Bapt. Tavernier, which he made during the period of forty years, in Turkey, Persia, and in the Indies, along all the roads leading thither], Amsterdam: Weduwe Johannes van Someren, page 12:
      Wat de Spaansche Reaal aangaat / die drieënzeventig Vals weegt / men heeft 'er vier Mamoudiën en een halve voor / en een Mamoudi geld twintig Pechas ; en in dezer voegen heeft men voor de Spaansche Reaal tnegentig Pechas: maar zij moeten / gelijk ik gezegt heb / goed zijn / en drieenzeventig Vals wegen.
      As for the Spanish real, which weighs seventy-three vals, one gets four and a half mahmudi for it, and a mahmudi is worth twenty paisa; and in this way one has ninety paisa for the Spanish real: but they should, as I was saying, be good, and weigh seventy-three vals.

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse val (choice), from the verb velja (to choose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n (genitive singular vals, plural val)

  1. choice
  2. (politics) election
  3. quality

Declension[edit]

Declension of val
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative val valið val valini
accusative val valið val valini
dative vali valinum valum valunum
genitive vals valsins vala valanna

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French val, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vaux)

  1. (literary) valley, vale

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural valis)

  1. valley

Synonyms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vale, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vales)

  1. valley
    • c1350, Kevin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto Padre Sarmiento, page 122:
      Et ao ferir, braadarõ et deron tan grãdes vozes que os vales rretenyam.
      As they clashed, they shouted and cried so aloud that the valleys resounded.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • vale” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • vale” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • val” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • val” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • val” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse val (choice), from the verb velja (to choose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n

  1. choice
  2. selection

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

val f (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of valle

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Finnish valo.

Noun[edit]

val

  1. light

Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German val

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. fall
  2. (grammar) case
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln, Der meide krancz (Codex Palatinus germanicus (Cod. Pal. germ.) 14)
      Wÿ man dy namen brechen ſol
      Nach iren vellen hin czu cal
      [the following verses contain a declension of Petrus (genitive Petri, dative Petro, accusative Petrum, vocative Petre and ablative Petro)]
      How one shall inflect/decline (literally break) the nouns
      After their cases over to number

Descendants[edit]

  • German: Fall

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse vaðill (ford, shallow water).

Noun[edit]

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. inlet, shallow bay

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse valr (the fallen).

Noun[edit]

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse val.

Noun[edit]

val n

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1959; superseded by valg

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n (definite singular valet, indefinite plural val, definite plural vala)

  1. choice
    Du har ikkje noko val.
    You don't have a choice.
  2. election
    Kven skal du røysta på til valet?
    Who are you going to vote for in the election?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Occitan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia oc

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val m (oblique plural vaus or vax or vals, nominative singular vaus or vax or vals, nominative plural val)

  1. valley

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *fall, from Proto-Germanic *fallaz.

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. fall

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: val

Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val f (plural vaj)

  1. valley

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

val

  1. (Portugal) third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of valer

Noun[edit]

val m (plural vales)

  1. Apocopic form of vale: valley
    Synonym: vale

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn, roll). Compare Serbo-Croatian val; close to Albanian valë.

Noun[edit]

val n (plural valuri)

  1. wave
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin vallum (wall, rampart), probably a later borrowing; cf. German Wall, Italian vallo, also English wall

Noun[edit]

val n (plural valuri)

  1. earth rampart which served in antiquity as a military stronghold
See also[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun[edit]

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vȃl m (Cyrillic spelling ва̑л)

  1. (regional, Croatia) wave (a long body of water curling into an arched form)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • val in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vȃl m inan

  1. wave, undulation

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. vál
gen. sing. vála
singular dual plural
nominative vál valôva valôvi
accusative vál valôva valôve
genitive vála valôv valôv
dative válu valôvoma valôvom
locative válu valôvih valôvih
instrumental válom valôvoma valôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. vál
gen. sing. vála
singular dual plural
nominative vál vála váli
accusative vál vála vále
genitive vála válov válov
dative válu váloma válom
locative válu válih válih
instrumental válom váloma váli

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • val”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val m (plural valles)

  1. Apocopic form of valle valley

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

val

  1. Apocopic form of vale: is worth
    mi casa y mi hogar cien doblas val. (val rhymes with hogar, assonant rhyme)
    there's no place like home.

Usage notes[edit]

In Old Spanish, after the consonants /d/, /n/, /l/, /ll/, /r/, and /z/, a final /-e/ was frequently elided, as in pid, vien, val, quier, faz, versus the modern forms of pide, viene, vale, quiere, and hace (in modern Spanish, a few apocopes following coronal consonants are still preserved: buen, gran, san, derived from bueno, grande, and santo).

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish hval, from Old Norse hvalr, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷálos (sheatfish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val c

  1. whale
Declension[edit]
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valen valar valarna
Genitive vals valens valars valarnas

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse val, related to välja, vilja (English will)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val n

  1. an election[1]
  2. a choice
Declension[edit]
Declension of val 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative val valet val valen
Genitive vals valets vals valens

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse valr (the slain, the fallen), from Proto-Germanic *walaz (corpse, body; carnage).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

val ?

  1. the fallen; casualties of a war or battle

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government terms, Government Offices of Sweden

Anagrams[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Hyphenation: vàl

Noun[edit]

val f (plural val)

  1. valley
Synonyms[edit]

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse val, related to the verb velja (to choose).

Noun[edit]

val

  1. Choice, election.

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

val (preterite vart, supine vorte)

  1. Alternative spelling of wahl

Noun[edit]

val

  1. Alternative form of gval (etymology 1 & 2)