vilja

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Vilja and viljâ

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

vilja

  1. genitive singular of vili
  2. partitive singular of vili
  3. illative singular of vili

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vilja, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Verb[edit]

vilja (third person singular past indicative vildi, third person plural past indicative vilað, supine vilað)

  1. to will
  2. to wish
  3. to persist
  4. to intend to

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of vilja (irregular)
infinitive vilja
supine vilað
participle — —
present past
first singular vil vildi
second singular vilt vildi
third singular vil vildi
plural vilja vildu
imperative
singular —!
plural —!

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vilja, borrowed from Proto-Indo-European [Term?] (cognate with Russian обилие (obilije, abundance))[1] and Czech obilí (grain, cereals), if not directly from Slavic or Balto-Slavic.[2] Other cognates include Estonian vili, Veps vil'l' and Proto-Samic *vëljē.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋiljɑ/, [ˈʋiljɑ]
  • Rhymes: -iljɑ
  • Syllabification: vil‧ja

Noun[edit]

vilja

  1. grain, cereal
  2. (archaic, dialectal) abundance

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vilja (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative vilja viljat
genitive viljan viljojen
partitive viljaa viljoja
illative viljaan viljoihin
singular plural
nominative vilja viljat
accusative nom. vilja viljat
gen. viljan
genitive viljan viljojen
viljainrare
partitive viljaa viljoja
inessive viljassa viljoissa
elative viljasta viljoista
illative viljaan viljoihin
adessive viljalla viljoilla
ablative viljalta viljoilta
allative viljalle viljoille
essive viljana viljoina
translative viljaksi viljoiksi
instructive viljoin
abessive viljatta viljoitta
comitative viljoineen
Possessive forms of vilja (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person viljani viljamme
2nd person viljasi viljanne
3rd person viljansa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vilja

  1. (rare) abundant
    Synonym: runsas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN
  2. ^ Koivulehto, Jorma (2006), “Wie alt sind die Kontakte zwischen Finnisch-Ugrisch und Balto-Slavisch? The Slavicization of the Russian North”, in Slavica Helsingiensia, volume 27, pages 179-196

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vilja (to want), from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vilja (preterite-present verb, third-person singular present indicative vill, third-person singular past indicative vildi, supine viljað)

  1. (with accusative) to want, wish, would like
    Ég vil fara heim.I want to go home.

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is slightly irregular


Ingrian[edit]

Viljaa.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vilja. Cognates include Finnish vilja and Estonian vili.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vilja (genitive viljan, partitive viljaa)

  1. grain, cereal
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 40:
      Vilja käsil kylvettii.
      The grain was sown by hand.

Declension[edit]

Declension of vilja (type 3/kana, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative vilja viljat
genitive viljan viljoin
partitive viljaa viljoja
illative viljaa viljoi
inessive viljas viljois
elative viljast viljoist
allative viljalle viljoille
adessive viljal viljoil
ablative viljalt viljoilt
translative viljaks viljoiks
essive viljanna
viljaan
viljoinna
viljoin
exessive1) viljant viljoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 667

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse vilja, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-. Akin to English will

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vilja (present tense vil, past tense ville, past participle vilja, present participle viljande)

  1. want
    Eg vil dra no.I want to leave now.
  2. will (expressing future tense)
    Det der vil du angra på.You will regret that.

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wiljaną (to want), from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁- (to want, choose). Compare Old English willan, Old Frisian willa, Old Saxon willian, Old High German wellen, Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wiljan).

Verb[edit]

vilja (singular past indicative vildi, plural past indicative vildu, past participle viljat)

  1. to want
Usage notes[edit]
  • Along with only two other verbs (munu and skulu), vilja has a special past tense infinitive. It is equal to the third person plural past tense vildu. This rare form is mostly used when the verb of the main clause also is in the past tense.
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: vilja
  • Faroese: vilja
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: vilja, vilje
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ville
  • Elfdalian: wila
  • Jamtish: vili
  • Westrobothnian: vili
  • Old Swedish: vilia
  • Old Danish: willæ
  • Gutnish: ville, vila
  • Scanian: villa

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

vilja

  1. inflection of vili:
    1. indefinite accusative singular/plural
    2. indefinite dative/genitive singular
    3. indefinite genitive plural

References[edit]

  • vilja in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²vɪlːja/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish vili, vilie, from Old Norse vili, from Proto-Germanic *wiljô.

Noun[edit]

vilja c

  1. will; a person’s intent, volition, decision.
Declension[edit]
Declension of vilja 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative vilja viljan viljor viljorna
Genitive viljas viljans viljors viljornas
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Elfdalian: wila f
  • Westrobothnian: vili f
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Swedish vilia, from Old Norse vilja, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Verb[edit]

vilja (present vill, preterite ville, supine velat)

  1. to want, desire
    De vill att vi hjälper dem att måla huset.They want us to help them paint the house.
    Vill du ha kaffe eller te?Do you want coffee or tea?
    • 1917 translation, the Bible, Deuteronomy (Femte Mosebok), 1:26
      Men I villen icke draga ditupp, utan voren gensträviga mot HERRENS, eder Guds, befallning.
      Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God.
  2. (rare) to intend, be going to, will
    Det vill komma till dig, när du är gammal nog.It will come to you, when you are old enough.
Usage notes[edit]

Used with verbs in the infinitive, without infinitive marker ("att"). However note that there may be a conjunction "att" (in the sense of "that") following right after. The first example is a case in point, which could be interpreted as They want that we help them or, more naturally, They want us to help them.

Unlike wanting to do something ("I want to eat") and wanting something to happen ("I want you to eat"), wanting an object is expressed with vilja in combination with ha ("have"). Thus "I want food" is said Jag vill ha mat (not Jag vill mat).

Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]