villa

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Villa and vil·la

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian villa, from Latin vīlla (country house). Doublet of ville.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɪlə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪlə

Noun[edit]

villa (plural villas or villae)

  1. (plural "villas") A house, often larger and more expensive than average, in the countryside or on the coast, often used as a retreat.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “3/6/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      This villa was long and low and white, and severe after its manner : for upon and about it were none of those playful ebullitions of taste, such as conical towers, domed roofs, embattlements, statues, coloured tiles and crenellations, such as are dear to architects of villas all the world over.
  2. (UK, plural "villas") A family house, often semi-detached, in a middle class street.
  3. (Ancient Rome, plural "villae") A country house, with farm buildings around a courtyard.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vīlla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (plural villa's, diminutive villaatje n)

  1. mansion (large, (normally) expensive, sumptuous house)
    Synonym: landhuis

Derived terms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to the adjectives vill (lost) and villur (wild), from Old Norse villr. See also Swedish villa (to cause someone to lose one's way), vill (lost).

Noun[edit]

villa f (genitive singular villu, plural villur)

  1. aberration
  2. mistake, error

Declension[edit]

Declension of villa
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative villa villan villur villurnar
accusative villu villuna villur villurnar
dative villu villuni villum villunum
genitive villu villunnar villa villanna

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

villa (third person singular past indicative vilti, third person plural past indicative viltu, supine vilt)

  1. to stray, to get astray
  2. to err

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of villa (group v-9)
infinitive villa
supine vilt
participle (a5)1 villandi viltur
present past
first singular villi vilti
second singular villir vilti
third singular villir vilti
plural villa viltu
imperative
singular vill!
plural villið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋilːɑ/, [ˈʋilːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ilːɑ
  • Syllabification: vil‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *villa, a loan from Proto-Baltic *wilˀnāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wĺ̥h₁neh₂. Cognate with Lithuanian vìlna, Polish wełna, English wool and French laine.

Noun[edit]

villa

  1. wool
Declension[edit]
Inflection of villa (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative villa villat
genitive villan villojen
partitive villaa villoja
illative villaan villoihin
singular plural
nominative villa villat
accusative nom. villa villat
gen. villan
genitive villan villojen
villainrare
partitive villaa villoja
inessive villassa villoissa
elative villasta villoista
illative villaan villoihin
adessive villalla villoilla
ablative villalta villoilta
allative villalle villoille
essive villana villoina
translative villaksi villoiksi
instructive villoin
abessive villatta villoitta
comitative villoineen
Possessive forms of villa (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person villani villamme
2nd person villasi villanne
3rd person villansa
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian villa.

Noun[edit]

villa

  1. (rare) villa
Usage notes[edit]

Not often used except in the proper names of private houses: Villa Mairea, Villa Elfvik.

Declension[edit]
Inflection of villa (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative villa villat
genitive villan villojen
partitive villaa villoja
illative villaan villoihin
singular plural
nominative villa villat
accusative nom. villa villat
gen. villan
genitive villan villojen
villainrare
partitive villaa villoja
inessive villassa villoissa
elative villasta villoista
illative villaan villoihin
adessive villalla villoilla
ablative villalta villoilta
allative villalle villoille
essive villana villoina
translative villaksi villoiksi
instructive villoin
abessive villatta villoitta
comitative villoineen
Possessive forms of villa (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person villani villamme
2nd person villasi villanne
3rd person villansa
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian villa. Doublet of ville.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (plural villas)

  1. villa
  2. house in the country

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvilːɒ]
  • Hyphenation: vil‧la
  • Rhymes: -lɒ

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Slavic language. Compare Serbo-Croatian vile.

Noun[edit]

villa (plural villák)

  1. fork
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative villa villák
accusative villát villákat
dative villának villáknak
instrumental villával villákkal
causal-final villáért villákért
translative villává villákká
terminative villáig villákig
essive-formal villaként villákként
essive-modal
inessive villában villákban
superessive villán villákon
adessive villánál villáknál
illative villába villákba
sublative villára villákra
allative villához villákhoz
elative villából villákból
delative villáról villákról
ablative villától villáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
villáé villáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
villáéi villákéi
Possessive forms of villa
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. villám villáim
2nd person sing. villád villáid
3rd person sing. villája villái
1st person plural villánk villáink
2nd person plural villátok villáitok
3rd person plural villájuk villáik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian villa, from Latin vīlla (country house).

Noun[edit]

villa (plural villák)

  1. villa (a house, larger and more expensive than average)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative villa villák
accusative villát villákat
dative villának villáknak
instrumental villával villákkal
causal-final villáért villákért
translative villává villákká
terminative villáig villákig
essive-formal villaként villákként
essive-modal
inessive villában villákban
superessive villán villákon
adessive villánál villáknál
illative villába villákba
sublative villára villákra
allative villához villákhoz
elative villából villákból
delative villáról villákról
ablative villától villáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
villáé villáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
villáéi villákéi
Possessive forms of villa
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. villám villáim
2nd person sing. villád villáid
3rd person sing. villája villái
1st person plural villánk villáink
2nd person plural villátok villáitok
3rd person plural villájuk villáik

Further reading[edit]

  • (fork): villa in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (villa [large house): villa in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to sense 3 (to lead astray)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (genitive singular villu, nominative plural villur)

  1. a mistake, an error
  2. heresy
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin villa (villa, estate, large country residence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (genitive singular villu, nominative plural villur)

  1. villa
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to the adjectives vill (lost) and villur (wild), from Old Norse villr. See also Swedish villa (to cause someone to lose one's way), vill (lost).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

villa (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative villti, supine villt)

  1. (transitive, governs the dative) to misguide, to lead astray, to deceive
Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa

  1. wool

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīlla (country house).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (plural ville)

  1. mansion
  2. detached house, residence
  3. country house, villa
    • 1619, Michelangelo Buonarroti the Younger, La fiera[2], published 1726:
      Una villa ha colei quà preſo a fitto, ¶ E fa crederſi, intendo, una 'nfelice ¶ Donna Romana
      She has rented a country house here, and I understand she makes believe to be an unhappy woman from Rome
    • 1799, Vittorio Alfieri, Misogallo [The French-Hater]‎[3], London, page 28:
      Codesto Arcivescovo se ne rimaneva dunque avvilito, e privato, in una sua villa situata tra Parigi, e Versaglia
      Thus, said Archbishop was staying, disheartened and in privacy, in a country house of his, located between Paris and Versailles
  4. (archaic):
    1. countryside
      • 13th century, Trattato dell'agricoltura [Treatise On Agriculture]‎[4], translation of Opus ruralium commodorum libri Ⅻ by Pietro De' Crescenzi, published 1605, page 4:
        Imperciocchè 'l coltivamento della villa richiede [] spezialmente fortezza degli abitanti []
        Since the cultivation of the countryside highly requires strength of the farmers []
      • 13th century, Bono Giamboni, “Capitolo 3”, in Dell'arte della guerra [On the Art of War]‎[5], translation of Epitoma Rei Militaris by Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, published 1815, page 8:
        Seguitasi che veggiamo onde è più utile il cavaliere trarre, della città o della villa.
        We follow by seeing whence it is best to take the knight: from the city or the countryside.
      • 15th c., Leon Battista Alberti, I libri della famiglia[6], collected in Opere volgari, page 49:
        Vedilo come sieno e’ fanciulli allevati in villa alla fatica e al sole robusti e fermi più che questi nostri cresciuti nell’ozio e nella ombra
        You can see how the youths raised in toils, under the sun in the countryside, are stronger and more vigorous than those of ours, raised in idleness, and in the shadows.
    2. farm
      • 1537, Annibale Caro, transl., Gli amori pastorali di Dafni e Cloe [The Bucolic Loves of Daphnis and Chloe]‎[7], Società Tipografica de' Classici Italiani, translation of Δάφνις καὶ Χλόη (Dáphnis kaì Khlóē) by Longus, published 1812, page 6, collected in Opere del commendatore Annibal Caro - Volume Ⅶ:
        Fuora di Metellino, poco più di due miglia lontano, era la villa d'un ricchissimo gentiluomo, bellissima e grandissima possessione
        Just two miles outside of Mytilene, was the farm of a very wealthy gentleman, a wonderful and vast property
    3. village, small town
      • 14th century, Bartolomeo da San Concordio, Ammaestramenti degli antichi[8], Milan: Società tipografica de' Classici Italiani, published 1808, page 16:
        Grandissima parte di questa turba è fuori di sua patria. Venuti sono di cittadi, di castella, di ville, di tutto il mondo.
        The largest part of this crowd is outside their homeland. They came from cities, from castles, from villages, from all over the world.
      • 1530, Pietro Bembo, “Libro secondo, Capitolo ⅩⅩ”, in Gli asolani, published 1989:
        Allora le ville di nuove case s’empierono, e le città si cinsero di difendevole muro
        Thus the villages were filled with new houses, and the cities were surrounded with defensive walls
    4. (poetic) city, town
      • 1343, Giovanni Boccaccio, Amorosa visione[9], published 1833, Chapter 6, page 27:
        Nè credo che sia cosa in tutto 'l mondo, ¶ Villa, paese dimestico o strano, ¶ Che non paresse dentro da quel tondo.
        Nor I think there were a thing in the whole world, be it a city or a country, familiar or foreign, that didn't seem to be inside that circle.
      • 1516, Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso [Raging Roland]‎[10], Venice: Printed by Gabriel Giolito, published 1551, Canto 32, page 222:
        [] nel tempo, ch'a Silueſtro dar uolea ¶ Coſtantino a guardar quella gran villa. ¶ Villa dirò, che allhor villa diuenne, ¶ La città, che del mondo il ſcettro tenne
        [] in the time when Constantine wanted to give Sylvester that great town. The town I mean, that, once a town, became the city that held the scepter of the world.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Polish: willa

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *weikslā, Proto-Indo-European *weyḱ- (settlement) with an instrument/concrete-noun deverbal suffix *-slo- also found in pālus, vēlum. Related to vīcus (row of houses; village), vīcīnus (neighbour).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • veilla (Republican Latin)
  • vēlla (dialectal monophthongisation outcome)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīlla f (genitive vīllae); first declension

  1. country house; villa
  2. estate, farm
  3. (Medieval Latin) a city
    • [1678, du Cange, Glossarium ad Scriptores Mediæ & Infimæ Latinitatis, in quo [] , volume 3, column 1331:
      VILLA, Civitas, Gallis Ville. Ita usurpasse videtur Rutilius Numatianus in Itiner. dum oppida à civitatibus distinguit, & ortas civitates ex oppidis indicat:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)]

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīlla vīllae
Genitive vīllae vīllārum
Dative vīllae vīllīs
Accusative vīllam vīllās
Ablative vīllā vīllīs
Vocative vīlla vīllae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian villa

Noun[edit]

villa f (4th declension)

  1. villa
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (4th declension)

  1. (dialectal) wool
Declension[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Italian villa and Latin villa

Noun[edit]

villa m (definite singular villaen, indefinite plural villaer, definite plural villaene)

  1. a villa, large detached house

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Italian villa and Latin villa

Noun[edit]

villa m (definite singular villaen, indefinite plural villaer or villaar, definite plural villaene or villaane)

  1. a villa, large detached house

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa f (plural villas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of vila

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin villa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • argentine pronunciation
    (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

villa f (plural villas)

  1. small town
  2. villa
  3. settlement with a minimum of five thousand inhabitants (bigger than a town but smaller that a city) that has asked for the title officially. Previously, this title was granted by the king.
  4. (Argentina) synonym of villa miseria (slum)

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Latin vīlla

Noun[edit]

villa c

  1. a villa, a house; a free-standing family house of any size but the very smallest
Declension[edit]
Declension of villa 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative villa villan villor villorna
Genitive villas villans villors villornas

Etymology 2[edit]

See vill (lost)

Verb[edit]

villa (present villar, preterite villade, supine villat, imperative villa)

  1. to confuse (someone); causing a feeling of being lost
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

villa c

  1. (dated) incorrect perception
    Synonyms: förvirring, inbillning, misstag, villfarelse
Declension[edit]
Declension of villa 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative villa villan villor villorna
Genitive villas villans villors villornas
Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian villa.

Noun[edit]

villa (definite accusative villayı, plural villalar)

  1. mansion
  2. house in the country, villa

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative villa
Definite accusative villayı
Singular Plural
Nominative villa villalar
Definite accusative villayı villaları
Dative villaya villalara
Locative villada villalarda
Ablative villadan villalardan
Genitive villanın villaların