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From Latin vīcus (village). Doublet of wick.


vicus (plural vici)

  1. (historical) A small civilian settlement outside a Roman fort.
    • 2011, Brenda Longfellow, Roman Imperialism and Civic Patronage
      The compital shrines stood at primary crossroads in the vici and received sacrifices during the annual Compitalia Festival.



From Proto-Italic *weikos, from Proto-Indo-European *weyḱ- (village). Cognate of Ancient Greek οἶκος (oîkos, house), Sanskrit विश् (víś, settlement, dwelling-space), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃 (weihs, village, place), Etruscan 𐌅𐌉𐌊𐌖 (viku).



vīcus m (genitive vīcī); second declension

  1. street; quarter, neighbourhood; row of houses
  2. village; hamlet
  3. municipal section or ward, farm


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīcus vīcī
Genitive vīcī vīcōrum
Dative vīcō vīcīs
Accusative vīcum vīcōs
Ablative vīcō vīcīs
Vocative vīce vīcī

Derived terms[edit]


  • English: vicus, vicinal, vicinity, -wich, -wick
  • Breton: gwig
  • Catalan: Vic
  • Cornish: gwig
  • Galician: Vigo
  • Italian: vico
  • Portuguese: vico
  • Romansch: vitg
  • Spanish: vigo, vico
  • Welsh: gwig
  • Proto-Germanic: *wīkō (see there for further descendants)


  • vīcus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vicus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vicus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vīcus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette: “1,673/3”
  • vicus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vicus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • uīcus” on page 2,058 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “vicus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1,097–1,100