vicus

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīcus (village). Doublet of wick.

Noun[edit]

vicus (plural vici)

  1. (historical) A small civilian settlement outside a Roman fort.
    • 2011, Brenda Longfellow, Roman Imperialism and Civic Patronage
      The compital shrines stood at primary crossroads in the vici and received sacrifices during the annual Compitalia Festival.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *weikos, from Proto-Indo-European *weyḱ- (village). Cognate of Ancient Greek οἶκος (oîkos, house), Sanskrit विश् (víś, settlement, dwelling-space), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃 (weihs, village, place), Etruscan 𐌅𐌉𐌊𐌖 (viku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīcus m (genitive vīcī); second declension

  1. street; quarter, neighbourhood; row of houses
  2. village; hamlet
  3. municipal section or ward, farm

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīcus vīcī
Genitive vīcī vīcōrum
Dative vīcō vīcīs
Accusative vīcum vīcōs
Ablative vīcō vīcīs
Vocative vīce vīcī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Italo-Romance:
    • Italian: vico
    • Neapolitan: vico
  • Padanian:
    • Lombard: vic (Alpine)
    • Romansch: vitg
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: Vic
    • Old Occitan: bic (hamlet, seat of jurisdiction) (Gascon)
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Ancient borrowings:
    • Old Irish: fich
    • Proto-Brythonic:
    • Proto-Germanic: *wīkō (see there for further descendants)
  • Learned borrowings:

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • uīcus” on page 2,058 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • vīcus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vicus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vicus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vīcus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette: “1,673/3”
  • vicus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vicus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin