A learned borrowing from Latin aberrātiō (“relief, diversion”), first attested in 1594 , from aberrō (“wander away, go astray”), from ab (“away”) + errō (“wander”). Compare French aberration. See also aberrate.
aberration (plural aberrations)
- The act of wandering; deviation from truth, moral rectitude; abnormal; divergence from the straight, correct, proper, normal, or from the natural state. [Late 16th century.]
- the aberration of youth, aberrations from theory, aberration of character
- (optics) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; a defect in a focusing mechanism that prevents the intended focal point. [Mid 18th century.]
- (astronomy) A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer. [Mid 18th century.]
- A partial alienation of reason. [Early 19th century.]
- Occasional aberrations of intellect.
- I. Taylor:
- Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass with heat into epidemic form.
- A mental disorder, especially one of a minor or temporary character. [Early 19th century.]
- (zoology, botany) Atypical development or structure; deviation from the normal type; an aberrant organ. [Mid 19th century.]
- (medicine) A deviation of a tissue, organ or mental functions from what is considered to be within the normal range.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- ^ Aberration at Dictionary.com
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , ISBN 0550142304), page 2
- Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 , ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 4
aberration f (plural aberrations)
- the state of being aberrant
- (astronomy) aberration
- (optics) aberration
- (physiology) aberration or mutation