A learned borrowing from Latin aberrātiō (“relief, diversion”), first attested in 1594 , from aberrō (“wander away, go astray”), from ab (“away”) + errō (“wander”). Compare French aberration. Equivalent to aberrate + -ion.
- The act of wandering; deviation from truth, moral rectitude; abnormal; divergence from the straight, correct, proper, normal, or from the natural state. [Late 16th century.]
- the aberration of youth
- aberrations from theory
- aberration of character
- 1961 December, “Talking of Trains: Derailment near Laindon”, in Trains Illustrated, page 717:
- A derailment which occurred on April 18 last between Laindon and Pitsea on the London Tilbury & Southend Line was caused by a lengthman who in a moment of aberration clipped a set of spring catch points in the derailing position, concludes Col. J. R. H. Robertson in his report [...].
- (optics) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; a defect in a focusing mechanism that prevents the intended focal point. [Mid 18th century.]
- (astronomy) A small periodical change of the apparent positions of the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer. [Mid 18th century.]
- A partial alienation of reason. [Early 19th century.]
- 1819, John Lingard, The History of England, From the First Invasion by the Romans to the Accession of Henry VIII:
- Occasional aberrations of intellect
- 1828, Isaac Taylor, The balance of criminality:
- We see indeed the aberrations of unruly appetite
- A mental disorder, especially one of a minor or temporary character. [Early 19th century.]
- (zoology, botany) Atypical development or structure; deviation from the normal type; an aberrant organ. [Mid 19th century.]
- (medicine) A deviation of a tissue, organ or mental functions from what is considered to be within the normal range.
- (electronics) A defect in an image produced by an optical or electrostatic lens system.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- ^ Aberration at Dictionary.com
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , →ISBN), page 2
- Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “aberration”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 4.
- ^ Penguin Dictionary of Electronics, Fourth Edition, 2005. Penguin Books: London.
aberration f (plural aberrations)
- the state of being aberrant
- (astronomy) aberration
- (optics) aberration
- (physiology) aberration or mutation
- “aberration”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.