civitas

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin cīvitās ‎(city; state, city-state).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

civitas ‎(plural civitates)

  1. (pedantic) A community.
  2. (pedantic) A state, (chiefly) a city-state.

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ḱey-

From cīvis ‎(citizen) +‎ -itās.

Pronunciation[edit]

(Classical) IPA(key): /ˈki.wi.tas/, [ˈkɪ.wɪ.tas]

Noun[edit]

cīvitās f ‎(genitive cīvitātis); third declension

  1. citizenship: the status of belonging to and enjoying the rights of a city or larger state, especially (classical) Roman citizenship
  2. the rights of citizenship themselves, including freedom of the city
  3. the citizenry: a community, (by extension) the body politic, the state, particularly:
    1. (classical) the Celtic tribes or subkingdoms under Roman rule in Gaul and Britain
  4. the area of the citizens: a city with its associated hinterland or territory (thus distinguished from urbs), particularly:
    1. "The City", either (classical) Rome or (Medieval) Jerusalem
    2. (classical) the capital or center of Roman administration in each Celtic civitas (see above)
    3. (Medieval) a borough: a walled settlement, sometimes particularly former Roman towns
    4. (late Medieval) a city: a Biblical, major, or specially incorporated town, particularly cathedral cities
  5. (Medieval, Christianity) the community of believers: either the Church or Heaven

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cīvitās cīvitātēs
genitive cīvitātis cīvitātum
dative cīvitātī cīvitātibus
accusative cīvitātem cīvitātēs
ablative cīvitāte cīvitātibus
vocative cīvitās cīvitātēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • civitas” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.