civilis

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See also: Civilis

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cīvis (citizen) +‎ -īlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cīvīlis (neuter cīvīle, comparative cīvīlior, superlative cīvīlissimus, adverb cīvīliter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. civic, civil (of or pertaining to citizens)
  2. public, political (of or pertaining to public or political life)
  3. (figurative) courteous, polite, civil, affable, urbane

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia
Genitive cīvīlis cīvīlium
Dative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Accusative cīvīlem cīvīle cīvīlēs
cīvīlīs
cīvīlia
Ablative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Vocative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: civil
  • Danish: civil
  • English: civil
  • French: civil
  • Italian: civile

References[edit]

  • civilis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • civilis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • civilis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • civilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to teach some one letters: erudire aliquem artibus, litteris (but erudire aliquem in iure civili, in re militari)
    • statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • statesmanship; political wisdom: prudentia (civilis) (De Or. 1. 19. 85)
    • political questions: res civiles
    • to enter the whirlpool of political strife: se civilibus fluctibus committere
  • civilis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers