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See also: Civilis





From cīvis (citizen) +‎ -īlis.





cīvīlis (neuter cīvīle, comparative cīvīlior, superlative cīvīlissimus, adverb cīvīliter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. civic, civil (of or pertaining to citizens)
  2. public, political (of or pertaining to public or political life)
  3. (figuratively) courteous, polite, civil, affable, urbane



Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia
Genitive cīvīlis cīvīlium
Dative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Accusative cīvīlem cīvīle cīvīlēs
Ablative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Vocative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia





Derived terms



  • Catalan: civil
  • Danish: civil
  • English: civil
  • French: civil
  • Friulian: civîl
  • Italian: civile
  • ? Ladin: zevil
  • Piedmontese: civil
  • Portuguese: cível, civil
  • Romanian: civil
  • Spanish: civil


  • civilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • civilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • civilis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • civilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to teach some one letters: erudire aliquem artibus, litteris (but erudire aliquem in iure civili, in re militari)
    • statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • statesmanship; political wisdom: prudentia (civilis) (De Or. 1. 19. 85)
    • political questions: res civiles
    • to enter the whirlpool of political strife: se civilibus fluctibus committere
  • civilis”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers