civil

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See also: Civil

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English civil, borrowed from Old French civil, from Latin cīvīlis (relating to a citizen), from cīvis (citizen). Cognate with Old English hīwen (household), hīrǣden (family). More at hind; hird.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil (comparative more civil, superlative most civil)

  1. (not comparable) Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.
    She went into civil service because she wanted to help the people.
  2. (comparable) Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.
    It was very civil of him to stop the argument.
    Antonyms: anti-civil, noncivil

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil (masculine and feminine plural civils)

  1. civil

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil

  1. civil (all senses), civilian

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of civil
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular civil 2
Neuter singular civilt 2
Plural civile 2
Definite attributive1 civile
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil (feminine singular civile, masculine plural civils, feminine plural civiles)

  1. civil (war, marriage etc.)
  2. (politics) lay
  3. civilian
  4. (literary) civil, courteous, polite

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

civil m (plural civils)

  1. civilian

Further reading[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis (citizen), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved).

Adjective[edit]

civil m

  1. (Jersey) polite
  2. (Jersey) civil

Derived terms[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis.

Adjective[edit]

civil m (feminine singular civila, masculine plural civils, feminine plural civilas)

  1. civil

Derived terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin civic; civil, from citizen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil m, f (plural civis, comparable)

  1. civil; civilian (not relating to the military or clergy)
    Se não quiser levar um tiro, use roupas civis.If you don’t want to be shot, use civilian clothing.
  2. civic (relating to citizens)
    Deves cumprir tua obrigação civil.You must perform your civic duty.
  3. (law) relating to civil law
    Estudo direito civil.I study civil law.
  4. occurring between the inhabitants of the same country
    Guerra civil.Civil war.
  5. civil (behaving in a reasonable or polite manner)
    Seja mais civil e pare de criticar as pessoas.Be more civil and stop criticising people.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

civil m, f (plural civis)

  1. civilian, non-combatant (person who is not a member of the military, police or belligerent group)

Derived terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French civil, Latin civilis.

Adjective[edit]

civil m, n (feminine singular civilă, masculine plural civili, feminine and neuter plural civile)

  1. civil

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

civil m (plural civili)

  1. civilian

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zivil, from French civil, from Latin cīvīlis (civic, civil), from cīvis (citizen).

Noun[edit]

cìvīl m (Cyrillic spelling цѝвӣл)

  1. civilian (not related to the military armed forces)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cīvīlis (civil, civic), from cīvis (citizen).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Castilian) IPA(key): /θiˈbil/, [θiˈβil]
  • (Latin America) IPA(key): /siˈbil/, [siˈβil]
  • (file)
  • Homophone: sibil (non-Castilian dialects)
  • Rhymes: -il

Adjective[edit]

civil (plural civiles) (superlative civilísimo)

  1. civil (all senses)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

civil

  1. civil; having to do with people and organizations outside military or police, sometimes also outside of other team-based activities, such as a professional sports team

Declension[edit]

Inflection of civil
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular civil
Neuter singular civilt
Plural civila
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 civile
All civila
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.