civil action

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Noun[edit]

civil action (plural civil actions)

  1. (law): In the United States, a lawsuit between private parties, including an action by a private person against a government entity, which will be treated as a private party by the court
  2. Roman Dutch Law: a lawsuit which is not criminal in nature. It may be between the state and a private party. It is usually based in contract, or delict (tort).