criminal

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cryminal, borrowed from Anglo-Norman criminal, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen (crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɹɪmənəl/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

criminal (comparative more criminal, superlative most criminal)

  1. Against the law; forbidden by law.
  2. Guilty of breaking the law.
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Difficulties of Obtaining Salvation
      The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God.
  3. Of or relating to crime or penal law.
    • 1827, Henry Hallam, The Constitutional History of England
      The officers and servants of the crown, violating the personal liberty, or other right of the subject [] in some cases, were liable to criminal process.
    His long criminal record suggests that he is a dangerous man.
  4. (figuratively) Abhorrent or very undesirable.
    Printing such asinine opinions is criminal!
    • 2020 May 6, Graeme Pickering, “Borders Railway: time for the next step”, in Rail, page 54:
      [...] I think it represents exceptional value for money and I think it would be criminal not to go ahead and build it."

Usage notes[edit]

  • Nouns to which "criminal" is often applied: law, justice, court, procedure, prosecution, intent, case, record, act, action, behavior, code, offence, liability, investigation, conduct, defense, trial, history, responsibility, lawyer, tribunal, appeal, process, background, mind, conspiracy, evidence, gang, organization, underworld, jurisprudence, offender, jury, police, past, group, punishment, attorney, violence, report, career, psychology.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

criminal (plural criminals)

  1. A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘[…] There's every Staffordshire crime-piece ever made in this cabinet, and that's unique. The Van Hoyer Museum in New York hasn't that very rare second version of Maria Marten's Red Barn over there, nor the little Frederick George Manning—he was the criminal Dickens saw hanged on the roof of the gaol in Horsemonger Lane, by the way—’
    Synonyms: lawbreaker, offender, perpetrator

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin criminālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal (masculine and feminine plural criminals)

  1. criminal (against the law)
  2. criminal (guilty of breaking the law)
  3. criminal (of or relating to crime)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

criminal m or f (plural criminals)

  1. criminal (a person who is guilty of a crime)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis, from Latin crīmen.

Adjective[edit]

criminal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular criminale)

  1. criminal; illegal; against the law

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis (criminal), from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal m or f (plural criminais, not comparable)

  1. (law) criminal (of or relating to crime or penal law)
    Antecedente criminal.
    Criminal record.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • criminal” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French criminel, Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

criminal m (plural criminali, feminine equivalent criminală)

  1. criminal, felon, perpetrator, offender, lawbreaker
  2. murderer, slayer
  3. cutthroat, thug

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal m or n (feminine singular criminală, masculine plural criminali, feminine and neuter plural criminale)

  1. criminal, felonious, lawbreaking
  2. murderous, homicidal
  3. cutthroat

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

criminal

  1. criminally

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin or Juridical Latin criminālis (criminal), from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɾimiˈnal/, [kɾi.miˈnal]
  • Rhymes: -al

Adjective[edit]

criminal (plural criminales)

  1. criminal

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

criminal m or f (plural criminales)

  1. criminal

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]