अपराधी

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अपराधिन् (aparādhin, adjective), equivalent to अपराध (aprādh, crime, offence) +‎ -ई (). First attested as Old Hindi अपराधी (aparādhī).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /əp.ɾɑː.d̪ʱiː/, [əp.ɾäː.d̪ʱiː]

Adjective[edit]

अपराधी (aprādhī) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling اَپْرادِھی‎)

  1. criminal, offender, sinner, guilty, faulty

Noun[edit]

अपराधी (aprādhīm or f (Urdu spelling اَپْرادِھی‎)

  1. criminal; sinner
    Synonym: मुजरिम (mujrim)

Declension[edit]

NOTE: This term is declined masculine or feminine according to the gender of the referent.

Usage notes[edit]

Normally अपराधी (aprādhī) is only used for both genders, but the word अपराधिनी (aprādhinī, female criminal) exists and may be used more formally.

Further reading[edit]

  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970) , “अपराधी”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “अपराधी”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Syamasundara Dasa (1965–1975) , “अपराधी”, in Hindi Sabdasagara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha.
  • अपराधी”, in Rekhta Urdu Dictionary, Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.

Old Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अपराधिन् (aparādhin).

Noun[edit]

अपराधी (aparādhīm

  1. sinner
    • c. 1420, Kabir 221.0:
      माधौ मै ऐसा अपराधी, तेरी भगति होत नहीं साधी
      mādhau mai aisā aparādhī, terī bhagati hota nahīṃ sādhī

Further reading[edit]

  • Jaroslav Strnad (2013) Morphology and Syntax of Old Hindī : Edition and Analysis of One Hundred Kabīr Vānī Poems From Rājasthān (Brill's Indological Library; 45), Leiden, OCLC 853683653