civis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *keiwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved). Cognate with Sanskrit क्षेति (kṣeti), Ancient Greek κεῖμαι (keĩmai, to lie), κοίτη (koítē, bed), Armenian սեր (ser, love), Old Church Slavonic сѣмь (sěmĭ) (Russian семья (semʹja)) and Old English hām (English home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cīvis m, f (genitive cīvis); third declension

  1. citizen
    Civis romanus sum.
    I am a Roman citizen.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem, alternative ablative singular in .

Number Singular Plural
nominative cīvis cīvēs
genitive cīvis cīvium
dative cīvī cīvibus
accusative cīvem cīvīs
cīvēs
ablative cīvī
cīve
cīvibus
vocative cīvis cīvēs

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • civis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879