civis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *keiwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- ‎(to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved). Cognate with Sanskrit क्षेति ‎(kṣeti), Ancient Greek κεῖμαι ‎(keîmai, to lie), κοίτη ‎(koítē, bed), Armenian սեր ‎(ser, love), Old Church Slavonic сѣмь ‎(sěmĭ) (Russian семья ‎(semʹja)) and Old English hām (English home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cīvis m, f ‎(genitive cīvis); third declension

  1. citizen
    Civis romanus sum.
    I am a Roman citizen.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem, alternative ablative singular in -ī.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cīvis cīvēs
genitive cīvis cīvium
dative cīvī cīvibus
accusative cīvem cīvīs
cīvēs
ablative cīvī
cīve
cīvibus
vocative cīvis cīvēs

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • civis” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.