civis

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ḱey-

From Proto-Italic *keiwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- ‎(to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved). Cognate with Sanskrit क्षेति ‎(kṣeti), Ancient Greek κεῖμαι ‎(keîmai, to lie), κοίτη ‎(koítē, bed), κώμη ‎(kṓmē, village), Armenian սեր ‎(ser, love), Old Church Slavonic сѣмь ‎(sěmĭ) (Russian семья ‎(semʹja)) and Old English hām (English home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cīvis m, f ‎(genitive cīvis); third declension

  1. citizen
    Civis romanus sum.
    I am a Roman citizen.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cīvis cīvēs
genitive cīvis cīvium
dative cīvī cīvibus
accusative cīvem cīvēs
cīvīs
ablative cīve
cīvī
cīvibus
vocative cīvis cīvēs

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • civis” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

References[edit]

  • civis” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the aristocracy (as a party in politics): boni cives, optimi, optimates, also simply boni (opp. improbi); illi, qui optimatium causam agunt
    • a citizen of the world; cosmopolitan: mundanus, mundi civis et incola (Tusc. 5. 37)
    • a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus