civis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *keiwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved). Cognate with Sanskrit क्षेति (kṣeti), Ancient Greek κεῖμαι (keîmai, to lie), κοίτη (koítē, bed), κώμη (kṓmē, village), Armenian սեր (ser, love), Old Church Slavonic сѣмь (sěmĭ) (Russian семья (semʹja)) and Old English hām (English home).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cīvis m, f (genitive cīvis); third declension

  1. citizen
    Civis romanus sum.
    I am a Roman citizen.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cīvis cīvēs
genitive cīvis cīvium
dative cīvī cīvibus
accusative cīvem cīvēs
cīvīs
ablative cīve
cīvī
cīvibus
vocative cīvis cīvēs

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • civis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • civis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “civis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • civis” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the aristocracy (as a party in politics): boni cives, optimi, optimates, also simply boni (opp. improbi); illi, qui optimatium causam agunt
    • a citizen of the world; cosmopolitan: mundanus, mundi civis et incola (Tusc. 5. 37)
    • a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
  • civis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • civis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin