-ilis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-īlis m, f (neuter -īle); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ilis is added to a noun to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

Examples:
hostīlis (unfriendly, hostile), from hostis (enemy)
puerīlis (boyish, immature), from puer (boy)

The suffix -ilis occasionally may be added to other parts of speech.

Examples:
agilis (agile), from agō (act)
fragilis (fragile), from frangō (break, shatter)
habilis (able), from habeō (have)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, neuter nominative singular in -e.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia
genitive -īlis -īlis -īlium -īlium
dative -īlī -īlī -īlibus -īlibus
accusative -īlem -īle -īlēs -īlia
ablative -īlī -īlī -īlibus -īlibus
vocative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]