-ilis

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See also: ilis

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-eli-, from *-los.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ilis m, f (neuter -ile); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun of relation, frequently passive, to the verb or root.
Usage notes[edit]
Examples:
agilis (that may be acted), from agō (to act)
habilis (that may be had), from habeō (to have)
fragilis (that may be broken), from frangō (to break)
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
genitive -ilis -ilium
dative -ilī -ilibus
accusative -ilem -ile -ilēs -ilia
ablative -ilī -ilibus
vocative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Originally from the above -ilis added to i stems, later used freely.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-īlis m, f (neuter -īle); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notes[edit]
Examples:
hostīlis (of the enemy, unfriendly, hostile), from hostis (enemy)
puerīlis (of boys, boyish, immature), from puer (boy)
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia
genitive -īlis -īlium
dative -īlī -īlibus
accusative -īlem -īle -īlēs -īlia
ablative -īlī -īlibus
vocative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia

See also[edit]