-ilis

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See also: ilis

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-eli-, from *-los.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ilis m, f (neuter -ile); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun of relation, frequently passive, to the verb or root.
Usage notes[edit]
Examples:
agilis (that may be acted), from agō (to act)
fragilis (that may be broken), from frangō (to break)
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
Genitive -ilis -ilium
Dative -ilī -ilibus
Accusative -ilem -ile -ilēs, -ilīs -ilia
Ablative -ilī -ilibus
Vocative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Originally from the above -ilis added to i stems, later used freely.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-īlis m, f (neuter -īle); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notes[edit]
Examples:
hostīlis (of the enemy, unfriendly, hostile), from hostis (enemy)
puerīlis (of boys, boyish, immature), from puer (boy)
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia
Genitive -īlis -īlium
Dative -īlī -īlibus
Accusative -īlem -īle -īlēs, -īlīs -īlia
Ablative -īlī -īlibus
Vocative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia

See also[edit]