ago

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See also: Ago, AGO, aĝo, and ägo

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ago, agon ‎(passed), past participle of agon ‎(to depart, escape, pass), from Old English āgān ‎(to go away, pass away, go forth, come to pass), from Proto-Germanic *uz- ‎(out), *gāną ‎(to go), equivalent to a- +‎ gone. Cognate with German ergehen ‎(to come to pass, fare, go forth). Compare also Old Saxon āgangan ‎(to go or pass by), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌲𐌰𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌽 ‎(usgaggan, to go forth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ago ‎(comparative more ago, superlative most ago)

  1. (archaic or dialectal) Gone; gone by; gone away; passed; passed away.
    in days ago/in days agone
  2. (archaic or dialectal) Nearly gone; dead (used in Devonshire at the turn of the 19th century)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually follows the noun.

Postposition[edit]

ago

  1. In the past.
    • 2013 August 10, “Damned if you don’t”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8848: 
      Two years ago a pair of scientists sparked fears of a devastating virus. [They] separately found ways to make a strain of bird flu called H5N1 more contagious. Critics fretted that terrorists might use this knowledge to cook up a biological weapon. American officials ordered that the papers be redacted. Further research was put on hold. But after much debate, the papers were published in full last year.
    I got married ten years ago.   The last slice of cake was gone long ago.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • G. A. Cooke, The County of Devon

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish ağa or Greek άγιος ‎(ágios)

Noun[edit]

ago m

  1. (Gheg, archaic, poetic) god

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaɡo/
  • Hyphenation: a‧go

Noun[edit]

ago ‎(accusative singular agon, plural agoj, accusative plural agojn)

  1. act, action

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Noun[edit]

ago (plural agi)

  1. act, action, deed

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acus.

Noun[edit]

ago m

  1. needle

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acus

Noun[edit]

ago m ‎(plural aghi)

  1. needle

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ago

  1. rōmaji reading of あご

Karipúna Creole French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ago?

  1. may I come in?

References[edit]

  • 1987, Alfred W. Tobler, Dicionário Crioulo Karipúna/Português Português/Crioulo Karípúna, Summer Institute of Linguistics, page 43.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *agō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ- (compare Old Irish aigid, Ancient Greek ἄγω ‎(ágō, I lead), Old Norse aka ‎(move, drive), Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 ‎(azaiti), Sanskrit अजति ‎(ájati, to drive, propel, cast)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

agō ‎(present infinitive agere, perfect active ēgī, supine āctum); third conjugation

  1. I do, act, make, behave.
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      Nihil agis, nihil moliris, nihil cogitas quod non ego non modo audiam sed etiam videam planeque sentiam.
      "You do nothing, you plan nothing, you think of nothing which I not only do not hear, but which I do not see and know every particular of."
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Paralipomenon II 32:7
      viriliter agite et confortamini nolite timere nec paveatis regem Assyriorum []
      "Act strongly and be courageous. Do not fear nor tremble before the king of Assyria"
  2. I accomplish, manage, achieve.
  3. I perform, transact.
  4. I drive, conduct.
    • 1877, Sophocles (in translation), Electra, in Aeschyli et Sophoclis: Tragoediae et Fragmenta (Paris: Institutiae Franciae Typographo)
      Interea Orestes postremus omnium ultimo loco equos agebat, in fine certam spem victoriae ponens.
      "Meanwhile, Orestes had been driving in last place and holding his horses back, putting his trust in the finish."
  5. I push, move, impel.
  6. I guide, govern, administer.
  7. I discuss, plead, deliberate.
  8. I think upon; I am occupied with.
  9. I stir up, excite, cause, induce.
  10. I chase, pursue.
  11. I drive at, pursue (a course of action).
  12. I rob, steal, plunder, carry off.
  13. (of time) I pass, spend.
  14. (of offerings) I slay, kill (as a sacrifice).
  15. (of plants) I put forth, sprout, extend.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of ago (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present agō agis agit agimus agitis agunt
imperfect agēbam agēbās agēbat agēbāmus agēbātis agēbant
future agam agēs aget agēmus agētis agent
perfect ēgī ēgistī ēgit ēgimus ēgistis ēgērunt, ēgēre
pluperfect ēgeram ēgerās ēgerat ēgerāmus ēgerātis ēgerant
future perfect ēgerō ēgeris ēgerit ēgerimus ēgeritis ēgerint
passive present agor ageris, agere agitur agimur agiminī aguntur
imperfect agēbar agēbāris, agēbāre agēbātur agēbāmur agēbāminī agēbantur
future agar agēris, agēre agētur agēmur agēminī agentur
perfect āctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect āctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect āctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present agam agās agat agāmus agātis agant
imperfect agerem agerēs ageret agerēmus agerētis agerent
perfect ēgerim ēgerīs ēgerit ēgerīmus ēgerītis ēgerint
pluperfect ēgissem ēgissēs ēgisset ēgissēmus ēgissētis ēgissent
passive present agar agāris, agāre agātur agāmur agāminī agantur
imperfect agerer agerēris, agerēre agerētur agerēmur agerēminī agerentur
perfect āctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect āctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present age agite
future agitō agitō agitōte aguntō
passive present agere agiminī
future agitor agitor aguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives agere ēgisse āctūrus esse agī āctus esse āctum īrī
participles agēns āctūrus āctus agendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
agere agendī agendō agendum āctum āctū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ago” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Samoan[edit]

Noun[edit]

ago

  1. turmeric

Usage notes[edit]

Once cooked, it is called lega.


Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Related to Estonian agu.

Noun[edit]

ago ‎(genitive ao, partitive ako)

  1. twilight

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]