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From ex- +‎ agō (I drive).





exigō (present infinitive exigere, perfect active exēgī, supine exāctum); third conjugation

  1. to drive out; expel
    Synonyms: ablēgō, exsulō, pellō, ēiciō, ēmittō, fugō
  2. to demand, require; enforce, exact (pay)
    Synonyms: requīrō, flagito, rogo, efflagito, exposco, exoro, precor, peto, expeto, quaesō, rogitō, repeto, prehenso
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.593–594:
      ‘et caput et rēgnum faciō dōtāle parentis:
      sī vir es, ī, dictās exige dōtis opēs.’
      “The head and the kingdom of my parent I make [my] dowry: If you are a man, go, exact the wealth of the dowry having been declared.”
      (Tullia Minor goads her husband, Lucius Tarquinius, to murder her father, King Servius Tullius.)
  3. to execute, complete a task
  4. to measure against a standard; weigh
  5. to determine, find out, ascertain
  6. to examine, consider, test
  7. to endure, undergo
  8. (of time) to spend, pass
  9. to bring to an end, conclude, finish, complete


   Conjugation of exigō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exigō exigis exigit exigimus exigitis exigunt
imperfect exigēbam exigēbās exigēbat exigēbāmus exigēbātis exigēbant
future exigam exigēs exiget exigēmus exigētis exigent
perfect exēgī exēgistī exēgit exēgimus exēgistis exēgērunt,
pluperfect exēgeram exēgerās exēgerat exēgerāmus exēgerātis exēgerant
future perfect exēgerō exēgeris exēgerit exēgerimus exēgeritis exēgerint
passive present exigor exigeris,
exigitur exigimur exigiminī exiguntur
imperfect exigēbar exigēbāris,
exigēbātur exigēbāmur exigēbāminī exigēbantur
future exigar exigēris,
exigētur exigēmur exigēminī exigentur
perfect exāctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exāctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exāctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exigam exigās exigat exigāmus exigātis exigant
imperfect exigerem exigerēs exigeret exigerēmus exigerētis exigerent
perfect exēgerim exēgerīs exēgerit exēgerīmus exēgerītis exēgerint
pluperfect exēgissem exēgissēs exēgisset exēgissēmus exēgissētis exēgissent
passive present exigar exigāris,
exigātur exigāmur exigāminī exigantur
imperfect exigerer exigerēris,
exigerētur exigerēmur exigerēminī exigerentur
perfect exāctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exāctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exige exigite
future exigitō exigitō exigitōte exiguntō
passive present exigere exigiminī
future exigitor exigitor exiguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exigere exēgisse exāctūrum esse exigī exāctum esse exāctum īrī
participles exigēns exāctūrus exāctus exigendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
exigendī exigendō exigendum exigendō exāctum exāctū

Derived terms



  • Asturian: esixir
  • Catalan: exigir
  • French: exiger
  • Galician: esixir
  • Italian: esigere
  • Occitan: exigir
  • Piedmontese: esige
  • Portuguese: exigir
  • Romanian: exige
  • Spanish: exigir


  • exigo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exigo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exigo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to hiss a play: fabulam exigere (Ter. Andr. Pol.)
    • to hiss an actor off the stage: histrionem exsibilare, explodere, eicere, exigere
    • to demand payment: pecuniam exigere (acerbe)
    • to demand payment of, recover debts: nomina exigere (Verr. 3. 10. 28)
    • to exact the taxes (with severity): vectigalia exigere (acerbe)