English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from spenden Old English (attested in compounds *spendan āspendan ( “ to spend ” ), forspendan ( “ to use up, consume ” )), from late Proto-Germanic , *spendaną *spendōną ( “ to spend ” ), borrowed from Latin expendere ( “ to weigh out ” ). Cognate with Old High German spentōn ( “ to consume, use, spend ” ) (whence German spenden ( “ to donate, provide ” )), Middle Dutch spenden ( “ to spend, dedicate ” ), Old Icelandic spenna ( “ to spend ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
spend ( third-person singular simple present , spends present participle , spending simple past and past participle ) spent
pay out (money).
He spends far more on gambling than he does on living proper.
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in : Mr. Pratt's Patients
Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
2013 May 25, “ No hiding place”, in , volume 407, number 8837, page 74: The Economist
In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result. To bestow; to employ; often with
on or upon.
George Herbert (1593-1633)
[… ] am never loath / To spend my judgment.
( dated ) To squander.
to spend an estate in gambling To
exhaust, to wear out.
The violence of the waves was spent. To
consume, to use up (time).
My sister usually spends her free time in nightclubs.
We spent the winter in the south of France.
1661, John Fell,
The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally
spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant [… ]
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 13, in : Mr. Pratt's Patients
We tiptoed into the house, up the stairs and along the hall into the room where the Professor had been spending so much of his time.
2012, Christoper Zara, Tortured Artists: From Picasso and Monroe to Warhol and Winehouse, the Twisted Secrets of the World's Most Creative Minds, part 1, chapter 1, 26:
Clara's father, a trollish ne'er-do-well who
spent most of his time in brothels and saloons, would disappear for days and weeks at a stretch, leaving Clara and her mother to fend for themselves.
2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “ Geothermal Energy”, in , volume 101, number 4: American Scientist
Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame.
( dated , intransitive ) To have an orgasm; to ejaculate sexually.
( intransitive ) To waste or wear away; to be consumed.
Energy spends in the using of it.
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
spendeth and is dissipated in the open air. To be
diffused; to spread.
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
The vines that they use for wine are so often cut, that their sap
spendeth into the grapes.
( mining ) To break ground; to continue working.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
to consume, to use up (time)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
, (please verify) صَرَفَ (ar) ( ṣarafa ) , (please verify) أَنْفَقَ ( ʾanfaqa ) ( time ) (please verify) قَضَى ( qaḍā )
Czech: utratit ( of money), strávit ( of time) Dutch:
, (please verify) uitgeven (nl) (please verify) doorbrengen (nl) French:
( time ) , (please verify) passer (fr) ( money, etc. ) (please verify) dépenser (fr) German:
, (please verify) ausgeben (de) ( time ) (please verify) verbringen (de) Hungarian:
, (please verify) költ (hu) (please verify) kiad (hu) Indonesian:
, (please verify) menghabiskan , (please verify) membelanjakan (please verify) membutuhkan Italian:
(please verify) spendere (it)
, (please verify) 使う (ja) ( tsukau ) , (please verify) かかる (ja) ( kakaru ) , (please verify) 要する ( ようする, yō-suru ) , (please verify) 消費する (ja) ( しょうひする, shōhi-suru ) ( time ) (please verify) 過ごす ( sugosu )
Korean: 쓰다 (sseuda), 소비하다 ( 消費 하다, sobihada) Mandarin:
, (please verify) 花 (zh) ( huā ) ( time ) , (please verify) 度過 , (please verify) 度过 (zh) ( dùguò ) (please verify) 度 (zh) ( dù ) Norwegian:
, (please verify) bruke (no) ( (please verify) tilbringe only time) Polish:
(money, etc.) (please verify) tracić (pl) (time) (please verify) spędzać (pl)
Romanian: petrece ( time ), cheltui ( money, etc. ) Spanish:
(please verify) gastar (es) Swedish:
, (please verify) göra slut på ( money, etc. ) , (please verify) förbruka (sv) ( money ) , (please verify) spendera (sv) ( time ) (please verify) tillbringa (sv)
spend ( plural ) spends
Amount spent (during a period),
I’m sorry, boss, but the advertising spend exceeded the budget again this month.
( pluralized ) expenditures; money or pocket money.
2011 February 1, Sedghi, Ami, “Record breaking January transfers: find the spends by club”, in The Guardian : 
Total January spends by year
2011, “Council spending over £500”, in Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council , retrieved  2012-01-26:
The spends have been made by our strategic partners ...
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