נפש

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Hebrew[edit]

Noun[edit]

נֶפֶשׁ (néfeshf (plural indefinite form נְפָשׁוֹת, singular construct form נֶפֶשׁ, plural construct form נַפְשׁוֹת)

  1. a soul (spirit of a person or animal)
  2. life (the state of being alive, of living)
    • Genesis 9:5, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וּמִיַּד הָאָדָם מִיַּד אִישׁ אָחִיו אֶדְרֹשׁ אֶת־נֶפֶשׁ הָאָדָם
      umiyád haadám miyád ísh achív edrósh et-néfesh haadám
      and at the hand of man, even at the hand of every man's brother, will I require the life of man
  3. a person (human being)
    • Genesis 36:6, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיִּקַּח עֵשָׂו אֶת־נָשָׁיו וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וְאֶת־בְּנֹתָיו וְאֶת־כָּל־נַפְשׁוֹת בֵּיתוֹ וְאֶת־מִקְנֵהוּ וְאֶת־כָּל־בְּהֶמְתּוֹ וְאֵת כָּל־קִנְיָנוֹ
      vayikách esáv et-nasháv v'et-banáv v'et-b'notáv v'et-kol-nafshót betó v'et-miknéhu v'et-kol-b'hemtó v'ét kol-kinyanó
      And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his possessions
    • Leviticus 21:1, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      לְנֶפֶשׁ לֹא־יִטַּמָּא בְּעַמָּיו
      l'néfesh lo-yitamá b'amáv
      There shall none defile himself for the dead among his people
  4. will (intent, volition)
    • Genesis 23:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אִם־יֵשׁ אֶת־נַפְשְׁכֶם לִקְבֹּר אֶת־מֵתִי מִלְּפָנַי
      im-yésh et-nafsh'chém likbór et-metí mil'fanáy
      If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out of my sight

Derived terms[edit]