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U+82B1, 花
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82B1

[U+82B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82B2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
花-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
花-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*lu, *ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*hʷa
*hŋʷaːls
*hʷraː
*hŋʷraːls
*hŋʷraːls
*pilʔ, *hŋʷraːls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷraː): semantic  + phonetic (OC *hŋʷraːls).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hoe - vernacular;
  • hoa - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/xua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/xua/
Wang
Li
/xwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huā
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huā
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷʰˤra/
English flower (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5326
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hʷraː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. flower; blossom   (Classifier: m; m; m; m; m; m)
      ―  huāduǒ  ―  flower
  2. florid, flowery
  3. pattern, design
      ―  sōnghuādàn  ―  thousand-year-old egg
  4. blurred
      ―  yǎnhuā  ―  to have blurred vision
  5. fireworks
  6. essence, cream
  7. wound
  8. smallpox
  9. courtesan, prostitute
  10. to spend (money, time, etc.)
  11. profligate
  12. (slang) randy, lecherous
  13. (slang) to be horny; to womanize
  14. false
  15. (Cantonese) scratched
  16. A surname​. Hua

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. flower

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. a flower; a blossom
  2. flower arrangement
  3. Japanese playing cards
  4. the best days of one's life
  5. the best thing
  6. essence

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: kkot, McCune-Reischauer: kkot, Yale: kkoch)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoa, huê, hân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.