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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
花-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷraː): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *hŋʷraːls)

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final: (99)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hɣua/ /hʷɯa/ /xua/ /hwaɨ/ /xua/ /xwa/ /xwa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huā ‹ xwæ › /*qʷʰˤra/ flower (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5326 0 /*hʷraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. flower; blossom   (Classifier: m; m; m; m; m; m)
      ―  huāduǒ  ―  flower
  2. florid, flowery
  3. pattern, design
      ―  sōnghuādàn  ―  thousand-year-old egg
  4. blurred
      ―  yǎnhuā  ―  to have blurred vision
  5. fireworks
  6. essence, cream
  7. wound
  8. smallpox
  9. courtesan, prostitute
  10. to spend (money, time, etc.)
  11. profligate
  12. (slang) randy, lecherous
  13. (slang) to be horny; to womanize
  14. false
  15. A surname​. Hua

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. flower

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. a flower; a blossom
  2. flower arrangement
  3. Japanese playing cards
  4. the best days of one's life
  5. the best thing
  6. essence

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwa, McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: kkot, McCune-Reischauer: kkot, Yale: kkoch)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoa, huê)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.