Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+82B1, 花
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82B1

[U+82B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82B2]
花 U+2F993, 花
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F993
劳
[U+2F992]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 芳
[U+2F994]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
Simplified Chinese
花-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +4, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 7 strokes in simplified Chinese and Japanese, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms


𠌶
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
華-bronze.svg 花-seal.svg 花-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷraː): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *hŋʷraːls). Originally 𠌶 or before the Han dynasty.

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. According to Schuessler (2007), either from:

(OC *ɡʷraː, “to flower”) is a derivative.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • hoe - vernacular;
    • hoa - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /xua/
    Wang
    Li
    /xwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huā
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷʰˁra/
    English flower (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5326
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hʷraː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. flower; blossom (Classifier: m c;  m c;  h mn;  m c;  m;  m c;  m;  c)
        ―  huāduǒ  ―  flower
    2. florid; flowery
    3. pattern; design
        ―  sōnghuādàn  ―  thousand-year-old egg
    4. blurred
        ―  yǎnhuā  ―  to have blurred vision
    5. fireworks
      /   ―  yānhuā  ―  fireworks
    6. essence; cream
    7. wound
    8. smallpox
        ―  tiānhuā  ―  smallpox
        ―  zhǒnghuā  ―  to vaccinate against smallpox
    9. courtesan; prostitute
    10. to spend (money, time, etc.); to cost
      衣服不到一百 [MSC, trad.]
      衣服不到一百 [MSC, simp.]
      zhè jiàn yīfú huā le bùdào yībǎi kuài [Pinyin]
      This clothing cost less than 100 yuan.
    11. profligate
    12. (slang) randy; lecherous
    13. (slang) to be horny; to womanize
    14. false
    15. (Cantonese) scratched
      已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
      已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Keoi5 zoek3 zo2 nei1 deoi3 haai4 loeng5 go3 jyut6 zau6 ji5 ging1 faa1 saai3 laa3. [Jyutping]
      He's worn the shoes for only two months and they're already all scratched up.
    16. (Cantonese, card games) flush
    17. (Xiamen and Zhangzhou Hokkien) to extinguish; to put out (of fire)
    18. (Quanzhou Hokkien) to disappear (of a scar)
    19. A surname​. Hua

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (ka)
    • Korean: (, hwa)
    • Vietnamese: hoa ()

    Others:

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. flower
    2. beauty
    3. red-light district

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    /pana//fana//hana/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はな) (hana

    1. a flower
      • 1999 February 4, “()(えん)(そう) [Fire Grass]”, in Vol.1, Konami:
        ()(ざん)(ちか)くに(せい)(そく)する(くさ)(はな)から()(えん)()(こう)(げき)する。
        Kazan no chikaku ni seisoku suru kusa. Hana kara kaen o fuki kōgeki suru.
        A grass that grows near volcanoes. It breathes fire from its flowers.
      • 1999 March 1, “ダーク・プラント [Dark Plant]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
        ()(せん)された(つち)(やみ)(ちから)(そだ)てられた(はな)。とても(きょう)(ぼう)
        Osen sareta tsuchi to yami no chikara de sodaterareta hana. Totemo kyōbō.
        A flower that grows from polluted soil and dark powers. It is very nasty.
      • 1999 May 25, “(しん)(えん)()(はな) [The Flower That Blooms in the Abyss]”, in BOOSTER 2, Konami:
        (ひかり)(とど)かない(しん)(えん)にひっそりと()く、あまり()かけない(はな)
        Hikari no todokanai shin'en ni hissori to saku, amari mikakenai hana.
        A rarely seen flower that silently blooms in the depths of the abyss where the sun never shines.
      • 1999 July 5, “(いのち)ある()(びん) [Living Vase]”, in BOOSTER 3, Konami:
        ()けてある(はな)から、()(ふん)()ばし()みついてくる()きている()(びん)
        Iketearu hana kara, kafun o tobashi kamitsuitekuru ikiteiru kabin.
        A living vase that bites and releases pollen from its living flowers.
      (はな)()(ごろ)
      hana ga saku goro
      when the flowers bloom
    2. Short for 生け花 (ikebana): flower arrangement
    3. Short for 花札 (hanafuda): Japanese playing cards
    4. the best days of one's life
    5. the best thing
    6. essence
    Descendants[edit]
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Affix[edit]

    () (ka (historical kana くわ)

    1. flower
    2. red-light district
    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate to Japanese (はな, hana).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふぁな, rōmaji fana)

    1. flower

    References[edit]

    • ふぁな【花】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (kkot hwa))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱなー, rōmaji phanā)

    1. flower

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱな, rōmaji pana)

    1. flower

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. (Shuri, Naha) flower

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふぁな
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふぁな, rōmaji fana)

    1. (Tancha) flower

    References[edit]

    • ふぁな【花】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
    • ハナ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: hoa (()(qua)(thiết))[1][2][3], huê[3]
    : Nôm readings: hoa[1][2][3][4], huê[1][3][4], oa[1], ba[2]

    1. Hán tự form of hoa (flower).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Yaeyama[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱな, rōmaji pana)

    1. flower

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. flower