天花

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Chinese[edit]

day; sky; heaven
 
flower; blossom; to spend; fancy pattern
simp. and trad.
(天花)
Literally: “heaven flower”.

Etymology[edit]

Originally the Chinese translation of several Sanskrit and Pali words, including Sanskrit खपुष्प (khapuṣpa, flower in the sky), as well as several plant names, such as Sanskrit दिव्यपुष्प (divyapuṣpa, oleander [heaven-flower]) / Pali devapuppha, and Sanskrit शालपुष्प (śālapuṣpa, confederate rose [house-flower]).

The development from “heaven-flower” (or other interpretations of the combination) to “smallpox” is unknown. It may be due to the shape resemblance of smallpox pustules to the divine flowers in Buddhism. Compare Tibetan ལྷ་འབྲུམ (lha 'brum, smallpox [deva-pustule]), མེ་ཏོག (me tog, flower; (dialectal) smallpox), and Mongolian ᠰᠠᠯᠬᠢᠨ
ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ
(salqin čečeg) / салхин цэцэг (salhin tsetseg, smallpox; chickenpox [wind-flower]).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (6) (32)
Final () (85) (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰen/ /hˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰen/ /hʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛn/ /xua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛn/ /hwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/tʰen/ /xua/
Wang
Li
/tʰien/ /xwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰien/ /xwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tiān huā

Noun[edit]

天花

  1. (Buddhism) flower of the sky; divine flower, stated in the Lotus Sutra as of four kinds, two white and two red
  2. (literary, poetic) snowflake; snow
  3. (medicine) smallpox; variola

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (天花):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

天花 (hiragana てんか, rōmaji tenka)

  1. snow
  2. a flower that blossoms in the Buddhist heaven by their tale.
  3. lotus-petal-shaped confetti scattering before the mortuary tablet.