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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
呼-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰaː): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢaː) – to exhale, call, or shout from the mouth 口. Note that 乎 is used as an exclamation particle, hence connotations of “an exclamation from the mouth, a shout”.

Note that the right side is 乎, not – these differ in that 乎 has a slanted top and a hook at the bottom.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口竹火木 (RHFD), four-corner 62049, composition)

  1. breathe, sigh, exhale
  2. call, shout

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 183, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3471
  • Dae Jaweon: page 402, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 605, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+547C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final: (23)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/huo/ /huo/ /xo/ /hɔ/ /xo/ /xu/ /xuo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ xu › /*qʰˤa/ call out, shout
‹ xuH › /*qʰˤa-s/ call out, shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5181 0 /*qʰaː/

Definitions[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. call
  2. call out to
  3. invite

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , hao, hào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.