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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
乎-oracle.svg 乎-bronze.svg 乎-bigseal.svg 乎-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹火木 (HFD), four-corner 20409)

  1. interrogative or exclamatory final particle

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 82, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 131
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 36, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E4E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xu⁵⁵/
Harbin /xu⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xu²¹/
Jinan /xu⁴²/
Qingdao /xu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xu²⁴/
Xi'an /xu²¹/
Xining /xv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xu³¹/
Ürümqi /xu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xu³¹/
/fu³¹/
Guiyang /fu⁵⁵/
Kunming /xu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xu³¹/
Hefei /xu²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xu¹¹/
Pingyao /xu¹³/
Hohhot /xu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hu⁵³/
/ɦu¹³/
Suzhou /ɦəu¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦu²¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³¹/
Hui Shexian /xu³¹/
Tunxi /xu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸu³³/
Gan Nanchang /fu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fu¹¹/
Taoyuan /fu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²¹/
Nanning /fu⁵⁵/
/wu²¹/
Hong Kong /fu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
/hɔ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hu²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (23)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuo/ /ɦuo/ /ɣo/ /ɦɔ/ /ɣo/ /ɣu/ /ɣuo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hu › /*ɢˤa/ (Q particle)
‹ hu › /*ɢˤa/ in, at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5189 0 /*ɢaː/

Definitions[edit]

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ho, McCune-Reischauer: ho, Yale: ho)
  • Name (hangeul): 어조사 (revised: eojosa, McCune-Reischauer: ǒjosa)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.