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U+7F3A, 缺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F3A

[U+7F39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F3B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 121 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人山木大 (OUDK), four-corner 85730, composition)

  1. be short of, lack
  2. gap, deficit

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 945, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28122
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1385, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2936, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7F3A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɡʷeds
*kʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds
*kʰʷraːds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷraːds
*kʷeːds
*kʰʷeds, *kʷeːd
*kʰʷed, *kʰʷeːd
*kʰʷed
*qʰʷed
*qʷed, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd, *qʰʷeːd
*kʷeːd
*kʷeːd

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khoeh/kheh, khih - vernacular;
  • khoat - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰye²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰyə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyɛ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰyu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰye²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰie²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰye²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiat̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰiet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰyt̚³/
Nanning /kʰyt̚³³/
Hong Kong /kʰyt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuat̚³²/
/kʰeʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiɛʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰyɛ²⁴/
/kʰiɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰueʔ²/
/kʰiʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (88) (82)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰwet̚/ /kʰiuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷet̚/ /kʰʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɛt̚/ /kʰjuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwɛt̚/ /kʰwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰuet̚/ /kʰiuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰiwet̚/ /kʰĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiwet̚/ /kʰi̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
que que
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quē
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwet ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[k]ʷʰˤet/
English break; defective

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4412 4430
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷed/ /*kʰʷeːd/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeol) (hangeul , revised gyeol, McCune-Reischauer kyŏl, Yale kyel)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khuyết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.