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U+7A74, 穴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A74

[U+7A73]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A75]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
穴-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十金 (JC), four-corner 30802)

  1. Kangxi radical #116, (cave).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 862, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25406
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1288, character 37
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2718, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7A74

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
穴-bigseal.svg 穴-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷliːɡ
*qʰʷliːɡ, *ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ
*ɡʷliːɡ, *ɢʷjiɡ
*ɢʷiɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyɛ⁵¹/
/ɕyɛ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕye⁵³/
Jinan /ɕyə⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕyə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕyɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xining /ɕi²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕye²¹³/
/ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕyeʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕye²²/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /hiat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /hiet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyt̚²/
Nanning /yt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jyt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (88)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣuet̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣiwet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣiwet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xué
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xué
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwet ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤi[t]/
English cave, pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14092
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷliːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hole
  2. cave, cavern, lair, den

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hole, opening

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
あな
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あな, romaji ana)

  1. hole
  2. opening, aperture
  3. pit
  4. cave, cavern
  5. lair, den, burrow
  6. loss, deficit
  7. flaw, defect

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: hyŏl, Yale: hyel)
  • Name (hangeul): 구멍 (revised: gumeong)
  1. (구멍 혈, gumeong-): hole, hollow
  2. (구덩이 혈, gudeong'i-): pit, ditch
  3. ( 혈, gul-): cave, cavern, cavity; den, burrow, sett
  4. ( 혈, um-): dugout

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huyệt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.