これ

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative spellings 此れ



Etymology[edit]

⟨ko2re⟩/kore/

From Old Japanese. Compare Okinawan くり (kuri).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

これ (kore

  1. this
    1. (deictically) this one (near the speaker)
    2. (anaphorically) this one I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
  2. (archaic) I; me
  3. (archaic) you
  4. (literary, calque of Literary Chinese , , , etc.) Repeat the topic with a correct case marker to avoid any misunderstanding if it is not a subject.
    • 1946, 日本國憲法 (“The Constitution of Japan”), Article 19:
      ()(そう)(およ)(りょう)(しん)()(ゆう)は、これ(おか)してはならない。
      Shisō oyobi ryōshin no jiyū wa, kore o okashite wa naranai.
      Freedom of thought and conscience shall not be violated.
    • (りょう)(そく)(だい)(きゅう)(じょう)(りょう)(ない)での(のう)(りょく)使()(よう)は、これ(かた)(きん)ずる。
      Ryōsoku dai-kyū jō. Ryōnai de no nōryoku no shiyō wa, kore o kataku kinzuru.
      Dormitory rule number 9: Use of psychic powers in the dormitory is strictly forbidden.

See also[edit]