いつ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hiragana いつ
Kanji 何時

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[2]

The presence of other Old Japanese indefinites beginning with (i) suggests a possible shared root of (i, possibly “what” or “which”), as in 如何 (ikaga, how), 何処 (izuko, where), 幾ら (ikura, how many, how much).

Likely cognate with eastern Old Japanese word idu (modern idzu or izu, “where”), still used in modern Japanese as part of the word いずれ (izure, which).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

いつ (rōmaji itsu)

  1. when
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of いつ – see the following entries.
1
[noun]one
[noun]the same
[numeral]one, 1
[proper noun]a female given name
S
[noun](literary) ease; comfort
[affix]escape; flee; break loose
[affix]leisure; ease
[affix]lost; not known in the world
[affix]excellent; outstanding
J
[affix]overflow
[affix]excessive
H
[noun](literary) ease
[affix]ease; comfort
[affix]lost; unknown
(This term, いつ, is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi いつ, not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading いつ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 15, poem 3705), text here
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN