何処

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

iduku > izuku. /idu/ is an interrogative prefix. See 何処 (izuko).

Pronoun[edit]

何処 (hiragana いずく, rōmaji izuku, historical hiragana いづく)

  1. interrogative demonstrative; where

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

iduku > iduko > izuko. From earlier 何処 (iduku). Via analogy with the proximal and non-proximal pronouns ここ (koko) and そこ (soko), respectively, both of which end in -o, the final -u became -o. See 何処 (idoko).

Pronoun[edit]

何処 (hiragana いずこ, rōmaji izuko, historical hiragana いづこ)

  1. interrogative demonstrative; where
    • c. 935: Tosa Nikki (page 22)
      おもしろき所に船を寄せて、「こゝやいづこ」と問ひければ、「土佐の泊」と言ひけり。

Etymology 3[edit]

iduko > idoko. From earlier 何処 (iduko). Continuing the analogy with the proximal and non-proximal pronouns ここ (koko) and そこ (soko), respectively, both of which end in -oko, the medial -u- changes to -o- resulting in idoko. See 何処 (doko).

Pronoun[edit]

何処 (hiragana いどこ, rōmaji idoko)

  1. interrogative demonstrative; where

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6
Irregular

idoko > doko. From earlier 何処 (idoko). The interrogative association of idu > ido has now been lost. Continuing the analogy with the proximal and non-proximal pronouns ここ (koko) and そこ (soko), respectively, both of which are two mora in length, the initial i- drops off resulting in the two mora doko.

Pronoun[edit]

何処 (hiragana どこ, rōmaji doko)

  1. interrogative demonstrative; where
    新宿駅 (しんじゅくえき)どこですか。
    Shinjuku eki wa doko desu ka.
    Where is Shinjuku station?

Usage notes[edit]

  • The hiragana spelling (どこ) is preferred to the kanji spelling (何処), which is rarely used.

References[edit]

  • Hasegawa, Masaharu; Yūichirō Imanishi, Hiroshi Itō, Hiroshi Yoshioka (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 24: Tosa Nikki, Kagerō Nikki, Murasaki Shikibu Nikki, Sarashina Nikki, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240024-7