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See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
何-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人一弓口 (OMNR), four-corner 21220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 511
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F55

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɦɑ/ /ɦa/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɦɑX/ /ɦaX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɣɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ha › /*[ɡ]ˤaj/ what

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7458 1 /*ɡaːl/
7466 1 /*ɡaːlʔ/ 同荷

Definitions[edit]

  1. interrogative pronoun
    1. (asking for the specification of an identity, quantity, quality, etc. of something) what, which
    2. (asking reason, manner, etc. of an action) why, how
  2. (archaic) (forming emphatic sentences) so, such, what, how
  3. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Like most of other Chinese characters, is almost always found exclusively within compounds in modern speech.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (asking for the specification of an identity, quantity, quality, etc. of something): 什麼什么 (shénme)

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ho

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. what

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Interjection[edit]

Kanji in this term
なに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana なに, romaji nani)

  1. What?, Huh?

Pronoun[edit]

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana なに, romaji nani) (alternative reading hiragana なん, romaji nan)

  1. what
  2. that thing (used in place of words you can't remember at the moment.)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune-Reischauer ha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]