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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
何-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人一弓口 (OMNR), four-corner 21220, composition)

  1. what, why, where, which, how
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 511
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F55

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (何), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡歌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɦɑ/ /ɦa/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/
Character (何), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 胡可切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɦɑX/ /ɦaX/ /ɣɑX/ /ɣɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ha › /*[ɡ]ˤaj/ what

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7458 1 /*ɡaːl/
7466 1 /*ɡaːlʔ/ 同荷

Definitions[edit]

  1. interrogative pronoun
    1. (asking for the specification of an identity, quantity, quality, etc. of something) what
      •   ―  chù  ―  where, literally "what place"
      • :“?” [MSC, trad.]
        :“?” [MSC, simp.]
        From: 宋玉《高唐賦》
        Wáng yuē: " wèi cháo yún?" [Pinyin]
        The king said, "What is this so-called 'Morning Clouds'?"
    2. (asking reason, manner, etc. of an action) why, how
  2. (archaic) (forming emphatic sentences) so, such, what, how
  3. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Like most of other Chinese characters, 何 is almost always found within compounds in modern speech.

Synonyms[edit]

(asking for the specification of an identity, quantity, quality, etc. of something): 什麼

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ho

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. what

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana なに, romaji nani)

  1. What?, Huh?

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana なに, romaji nani)

‎(hiragana なん, romaji nan)

  1. what
  2. that thing (used in place of words you can't remember at the moment.)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune-Reischauer ha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]