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See also:
U+5475, 呵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5475

[U+5474]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5476]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 口一弓口 (RMNR), four-corner 61020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 183, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 402, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 598, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5475

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡ·raːlʔ
kaːl
kaːl, *ɡaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːlʔ
kaːlʔ
kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
kʰaːl
kʰaːlʔ
kʰaːlʔ
kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
qʰaːl
qʰaːl
qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
ɡaːl
ɡaːl
ɡaːl
ɡaːls
qaːl
qaːl, *qaːlʔ
qaːl, *kʰraːls
qaːl
娿 qaːl, *qaːlʔ
qaːl
kʰraːlʔ
qʰraːlʔ

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ha/
Li
Rong
/xɑ/
Wang
Li
/xɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xa ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤaj/
English scold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7456
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to berate
  2. to shout
  3. (onomatoepia) sound of laugh
  4. interjection to express surprise
  5. to breathe

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haH/
Li
Rong
/xɑH/
Wang
Li
/xɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7453
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to expel breath

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in transliteration.

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to cheat

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scold, disapprove

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ha, , hả, , khá, khà)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.