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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋʔ): semantic  ‎(say) + phonetic  ‎(OC *koː, *koːs)

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿廿月 (YRTTB), four-corner 05657, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1175, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1640, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4004, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8B1B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (gāng) (Shanghainese, non-standard)

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃³⁵/
/t͡ɕiã³⁵/
Suzhou /kɑ̃⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/ ~解
/ka³⁵/ ~話
Tunxi /kau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian⁴¹/
/kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kɔn⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /koŋ³¹/
Taoyuan /koŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ³⁵/
Nanning /kɔŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
/kɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔŋ²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (9)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣʌŋX/ /kɯɔŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kaɨwŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kɔŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4201 0 /*kroːŋʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to speak; to talk; to say
    英語而且 / 英语而且  ―  Tā huì jiǎng yīngyǔ, érqiě jiǎng de hǎo.  ―  He can speak English, and what's more he speaks it very well.
    唔識廣東話 / 唔识广东话 [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 m4 sik1 gong2 gwong2 dung1 waa6-2. [Jyutping]  ―  I don't speak Cantonese.
    流利英文𠲎 [Shanghainese, trad.]
    流利英文𠲎 [Shanghainese, simp.]
    Can you speak English fluently?
    / [Min Nan]  ―  Góa bô kā i kóng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  I didn't tell him.
  2. to explain, to discuss, to lecture
  3. to discuss, to talk about

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. speech
  2. lecture

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji -kō)

  1. reading or lecture
  2. reading of sacred scriptures by Buddhist monks
    法華 (ほっけ)八講 (はっこう)
    hokke hakkō
    reading of the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra
  3. gathering of monks and laity for Buddhist rites
    涅槃 (ねはん) (こう)
    nehan kō
    rites on February 15, the death day of the Buddha
  4. lay association of Buddhist or Shinto believers
  5. mutual financial assistance association
    いわゆる「ネズミ (こう)」を運営 (うんえい)したとして、無限連鎖講防止法違反 (むげんれんさこうぼうしほういはん) (うたが)いが ()たれています。
    Iwayuru "Nezumi-kō" o un'ei shita toshite, mugenrensakō bōshihō ihan no utagai gamotareteimasu.
    He is being held on suspicion of violating the Law on Prevention of Pyramid Schemes for operating a so-called "Mouse Mutual Assistance Association."

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giảng, nhãng)

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