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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
早-bw.png
Stroke order
早-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

One possibility is that 早 is a pictograph of sun (日) over the horizon. However, it is also possible that 早 was originally a pictograph of a particular type of acorn. The shells of these acorns would be used to make a dark-colored dye. This color indicated the darkness before sunrise and the symbol then took on the meaning of early or fast.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 日十 (AJ), four-corner 60400, composition)

  1. early
  2. soon
  3. morning

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1483, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65E9

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping zou2, Yale jou2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はや, romaji haya)

  1. already; now

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jo, McCune-Reischauer: cho, Yale: co)

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin zǎo (zao3), Wade-Giles tsao3)

simpl. and trad.

Adverb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zǎo)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) long ago, for a long time

Interjection[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zǎo)

  1. good morning

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zǎo)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) (early) morning

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zǎo)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) early; in advance

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tsá (tsa2), tsái (tsai2))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tảo)