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U+65E9, 早
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E9

[U+65E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65EA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
早-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 日十 (AJ), four-corner 60400, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1483, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65E9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Qin bamboo and wooden slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
早-bronze-warring.svg 早-silk.svg 早-slip.svg 早-seal.svg 早-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*zuːʔ
*zuːʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sun) +  (first) – when the sun first rises.

In some late bronze inscriptions, it was also written as a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsuːʔ): semantic  (sun) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsuːʔ), with sometimes simplified as . In ancient texts, (OC *ʔsuːʔ) was often used instead.

Alternatively, it is also possible that was originally a pictograph of a particular type of acorn. The shells of these acorns would be used to make a dark-colored dye. This color indicated the darkness before sunrise and the symbol then took on the meaning of early or fast. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cā - vernacular;
  • cō̤ - literary.
Note:
  • chó͘/chó - literary;
  • chá - vernacular;
  • chái - vernacular (for certain words).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sawX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə.tsˤuʔ/
English early

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16546
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. early; in advance; soon
      ―  Wǒ xǐng dé hěn zǎo.  ―  I woke up early.
  2. long ago; for a long time
      ―  zǎo zǒu le.  ―  He left long ago.
  3. (early) morning
  4. good morning
  5. before; in the past time

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
はや
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はや, rōmaji haya)

  1. already, now

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: cho, Yale: co)
    • Name (hangeul): 일찍
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tảo, linh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.