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See also:
U+98EF, 飯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-98EF

[U+98EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+98F0]
U+FA2A, 飯
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA2A

[U+FA29]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA2B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184, +4, 13 strokes in Chinese, 12 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人戈竹水 (OIHE), four-corner 81747, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰𩙿(K))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1417, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44064
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4444, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+98EF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
飯-bronze.svg 飯-silk.svg 飯-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bonʔ, *bons): semantic  (food) + phonetic  (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *puuŋ (cooked rice), whence Mon ပုၚ် (pɜŋ, cooked rice).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: "noodles", "rice" in components, e.g. мифан (米飯).
Note:
  • buông - colloquial;
  • huáng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pn̄g/pňg/pūiⁿ - colloquial;
    • hoān - literary.
    Note:
    • bung7 - vernacular;
    • huang6 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • fan5 - vernacular;
    • fan4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjonH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bo[n]ʔ-s/
    English cooked rice or millet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2977
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bons/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. any cooked grain (rice, millet, etc.)
    2. (particularly) cooked rice (Classifier: m c h mn)
    3. food
    4. meal (Classifier: m mn;  m c)
    5. (dialectal) noodles
    Synonyms[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bo[n]ʔ/
    English eat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2976
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bonʔ/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to eat
    2. to give food to; to let someone eat; to feed

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Borrowed from English fan. Doublet of 粉絲粉丝 (fěnsī).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (neologism, slang) fans
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. cooked grains (rice, etc.)
    2. meal

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    めし
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 召す (mesu, to call).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (めし) (meshi

    1. cooked grains, especially cooked rice
    2. (informal) a meal
      (めし)()
      meshi o kuu
      eat a meal
    Usage notes[edit]

    This is an informal way to refer to food, and 食う (kuu) is a correspondingly informal way to say "eat".

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (めし) (Meshi

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いい
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ipi1 → */ipʲi//ifi//iwi//iː/

    From Old Japanese, also used as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨pi1.

    Noun[edit]

    (いい) (ii (historical kana いひ)

    1. (archaic) cooked grains, especially cooked rice
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (いい) (Ii (historical kana いひ)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まま
    Grade: 4
    Irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    まま
    [noun] (childish) (cooked) rice
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まんま
    Grade: 4
    Irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    まんま
    [noun] (usually childish) Alternative form of まま (mama, (cooked) rice)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    3. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (bap ban))

    1. Hanja form? of (meal, rice).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phạn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.