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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𣦼 + semantic ("eat," "meal," "food")

The upper phonetic portion is an obsolete character, formed from (a variant of ) and . 歺 is sometimes used as an informal simplification for 餐 itself.

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜水人戈女 (YEOIV), four-corner 27732, composition𣦼)

  1. eat, dine
  2. meal
  3. food

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1419, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44160
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1944, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4455, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9910

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰan²¹/
Jinan /t͡sʰã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰan²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sʰã²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡sʰã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰaŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡sʰæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰø⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰan³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰan³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰon⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰan⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰan⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰuiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final: (61)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰan/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1117 1 /*sʰaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. meal
      ―  zǎocān  ―  breakfast (lit. early meal)
  2. Classifier for meals.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 caan1 faan6 [Jyutping]  ―  one meal
    每日 [Cantonese]  ―  mui5 jat6 sik6 saam1 caan1 [Jyutping]  ―  eat three meals a day

Compounds[edit]

  • 餐馆 (cānguǎn, “restaurant”)
  • 餐厅 (cāntīng, “restaurant”)
  • 快餐 (kuàicān, “fast food”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
さん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. eating and drinking

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chan, son) (hangeul , , revised chan, son, McCune-Reischauer ch'an, son, Yale chan, son)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xun, san, xan)

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