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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
菜-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰɯːs): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰɯːʔ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904, composition)

  1. vegetable, vegetables
  2. dish, order
  3. food
  4. cuisine

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final: (41)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cài
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰʌiH/ /t͡sʰəiH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/ /t͡sʰəjH/ /t͡sʰᴀiH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/ /t͡sʰɑ̆iH/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (pán), (dào), (tiáo))

  1. vegetable; greens
    • 蔬菜 (shūcài, “vegetables”)
    • 白菜 (báicài, “Chinese cabbage”)
    • 菠菜 (bōcài, “spinach”)
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
  3. dish; course
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type
    •   ―  Tā shì wǒ de cài!  ―  He is my type!

Compounds[edit]

  • 白菜 (báicài)
  • 冬寒菜 (dōngháncài) - Chinese Mallow, Cluster Mallow, bot. Malva verticillata L.
  • 冬菜 (dōngcài) - preserved dried cabbage or mustard greens; winter vegetable
  • 海菜 (hǎicài) - (edible) seaweed
  • 芽菜 (yá cài) - mungbean sprout, soybean sprout; literally: "tooth vegetable"
  • A菜 Taiwanese word for 山莴苣 (shān wōjù) - Indian Lettuce (bot. Lactuca indica L.)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. greens; vegetables
  2. rape (Brassica napus); rapeseed
  3. side dish

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. greens

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thái, thủy, linh, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.