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See also:
U+5F69, 彩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F69

[U+5F68]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F6A]
U+FA84, 彩
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA84

[U+FA83]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA85]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 59, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月木竹竹竹 (BDHHH), four-corner 22922, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 363, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9992
  • Dae Jaweon: page 682, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 855, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F69

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰɯːʔ): phonetic (OC *sʰɯːʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp.
alternative forms

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-tsəw-s/t (colour; dye); compare Tibetan ཚོས (tshos, dye) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, (OC *s.rək, “colour”) may be a dialectal variant (Baxter, 1992; Baxter and Sagart, 2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhói/coi3 - “luck; fortune”.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (14)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰʌiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰəiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰɒiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰəjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰᴀiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰɒiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰɑ̆iX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cǎi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    coi2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cǎi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshojX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.r̥ˁəʔ/
    English colorful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1072
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰɯːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. variegated colors; rich and bright colors
    2. literary or artistic grace or talent; variety; gracefulness; brilliance
    3. applause; cheer
    4. blood from a wound
    5. lottery prize; winnings
    6. wager; stake; bet
    7. luck; fortune
      [Sixian Hakka]  ―  hó-chhói [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  good luck
    8. to be lucky (in gambling)
    9. a surname
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“varicolored silk”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1]

    彩󠄁
    +&#xE0101;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    U5f69-kyu.svg
    彩󠄃
    +&#xE0103;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. coloring

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (あや) (Aya

    1. a female given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 819 (paper), page 459 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (chae))

    1. Colorful

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: Thái

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.