From Middle English grace, from Old French grace (modern French grâce), from Latin grātia (“kindness, favour, esteem”), from grātus (“pleasing”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH- (“to praise, welcome”); compare grateful.
The word displaced the native Middle English held, hield (“grace”) (from Old English held, hyld (“grace”)), Middle English este (“grace, favour, pleasure”) (from Old English ēste (“grace, kindness, favour”)), Middle English athmede(n) (“grace”) (from Old English ēadmēdu (“grace”)), Middle English are, ore (“grace, mercy, honour”) (from Old English ār (“honour, grace, kindness, mercy”)).
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪs/
Audio (RP) (file) Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪs
grace (countable and uncountable, plural graces)
- (countable, uncountable) Charming, pleasing qualities.
- The Princess brought grace to an otherwise dull and boring party.
- 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations:
- Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
- 1783, Hugh Blair, “Critical Examniation of the Style of Mr. Addison in No. 411 of The Spectator”, in Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres:
- I have formerly given the general character of Mr. Addison's style and manner as natural and unaffected, easy and polite, and full of those graces which a flowery imagination diffuses over writing.
- (countable) A short prayer of thanks before or after a meal.
- It has become less common to say grace before having dinner.
- (countable, card games) In the games of patience or solitaire: a special move that is normally against the rules.
- (countable, music) A grace note.
- 1683, John Playford, An Introduction to the Skill of Musick: In Three Books, page 47:
- The Trill being the most usual Grace, is usually made in Closes, Cadences, and when on a long Note Exclamation or Passion is expressed, there the Trill is made in the latter part of such Note; but most usually upon binding Notes and such Notes as precede the closing Note.
- (uncountable) Elegant movement; balance or poise.
- The dancer moved with grace and strength.
- (uncountable, finance) An allowance of time granted to a debtor during which he or she is free of at least part of his normal obligations towards the creditor.
- The repayment of the loan starts after a three-year grace.
- 1990, Claude de Bèze, E. W. Hutchinson, transl., 1688 revolution in Siam: the memoir of Father de Bèze, s.j, University Press, page 153:
- With mounting anger the King denounced the pair, both father and son, and was about to condemn them to death when his strength gave out. Faint and trembling he was unable to walk and the sword fell from his hands as he murmured: 'May the Protector of the Buddhist Faith grant me but seven more days grace of life to be quit of this disloyal couple, father and son'.
- (uncountable, theology) Free and undeserved favour, especially of God; unmerited divine assistance given to humans for their regeneration or sanctification, or for resisting sin.
- 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide:
- When she sang in the kirk, folk have told me that they had a foretaste of the musick of the New Jerusalem, and when she came in by the village of Caulds old men stottered to their doors to look at her. Moreover, from her earliest days the bairn had some glimmerings of grace.
- An act or decree of the governing body of an English university.
- airs and graces
- but for the grace of God
- cooperating grace
- coup de grace
- covenant of grace
- expectative grace
- fall from grace
- free grace
- good graces
- grace and favour
- grace note
- grace period
- grace stroke
- heart of grace
- herb of grace
- irresistible grace
- means of grace
- prevenient grace
- saving grace
- say grace
- social grace
- state of grace
- there but for the grace of God go I
- with bad grace
- with good grace
- with ill grace
- your grace
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
grace (third-person singular simple present graces, present participle gracing, simple past and past participle graced)
- (transitive) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish and dignify.
- He graced the room with his presence.
- He graced the room by simply being there.
- His portrait graced a landing on the stairway.
- c. 1699 – 1703, Alexander Pope, “The First Book of Statius His Thebais”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], published 1717, →OCLC:
- Great Jove and Phoebus graced his noble line.
- 1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene iii]:
- We are graced with wreaths of victory.
- (transitive) To dignify or raise by an act of favour; to honour.
- 1603, Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes, […], London: […] Adam Islip, →OCLC:
- He might, at his pleasure, grace […] or disgrace whom he would in court.
- (transitive) To supply with heavenly grace.
- 1612–1626, [Joseph Hall], “(please specify the page)”, in [Contemplations vpon the Principall Passages of the Holy Storie], volume (please specify |volume=II, V, or VI), London, →OCLC:
- Thy first publique miracle graceth a marriage
- (transitive, music) To add grace notes, cadenzas, etc., to.
- 1987, L. E. McCullough, The Complete Irish Tin Whistle Tutor (New & Revised), page 22:
- For D and E, the G and A fingers are generally used for gracing, though E is sometimes more conveniently graced by F#.
From Old French grace, from Latin grātia.
grace (plural graces or grace)
- various (Christian) theological meanings, usually as an attribute of God:
- the grace of God; divine aid or beneficence.
- a gift or sign of God; a demonstration of divine power.
- guidance, direction (especially divine)
- luck, destiny (especially positive or beneficial)
- niceness, esteem, positive demeanour
- beneficence, goodwill, good intentions
- gracefulness, elegance; aptness, competence.
- a present; a helpful or kind act.
- relief, relenting, forgiveness
- a prayer of thanks, especially one preceding a meal.
- (rare) repute, credit
- (rare) misfortune, misadventure, doom
- (rare, Late Middle English) unfairness, partisanship
- “grāce, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-05-14.
From Old English græs.
- Alternative form of gras
- gratia (10th century)
grace f (oblique plural graces, nominative singular grace, nominative plural graces)
- French: grâce
- → Middle English: grace, graz, crace, gras, grase
- Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (grace, supplement)
- grace on the Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub
Borrowed from French grâce, from Latin gratia. Doublet of graciös and gratis.
- (in the singular) grace (effortless beauty or charm)
- Synonym: elegans
- (in the plural) grace (beneficial act)
- fördela sina gracer
- distribute one's favours
- (in the plural) Graces (goddesses in Ancient Greek mythology)
- Synonym: gratie
|Declension of grace|
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
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